|Apply for Academic Admission | Academic Guide | Administrative law | About the Founder | Aircraft | Ambassadors | Accreditation | A to Z Degree Fields | Biographies | Books | Blog | Catalog | Calendar | Collaboration | Colleges | Complaint | Contact Us | Continents/States | Construction | Contracts | Courses | Counseling Services | Credits and Credit Hours | Data Center | Doctor Consultation | Distance Education | Education materials | Equipment | Emergency | Emergency call centers | Examinations | English Editing Service | Forms | Faculty | Facilities | Governor | Glossary | Grants | Hardware | Hardware Resources | Helicopters | Hostels | Honorary Doctorate degree | Internet Education | Inspections | Internet | Intellectual Property | Investment | Instructors | Internship | Job Openings | Journal | Login | Lecture | Languages | License/Permit/Registration | Maps | Medical Emergency | Manufacturing | Materials | Mentor | Meeting Guidelines | Military Equipment Guide | Movies | Money transfer(Pay Now) | Membership | North America | Non-Emergency Services | Observers | Planet Earth | Proposals | Publication | Professional Examinations | Paraprofessional | Profile | Progress Report | Recommendations | Referral or Reference | Research Grants | Research | States | State Directories | Students login | Search | Software | Seminar | Study Center/Centre | Sponsorship | Submit an Issue | Surveillance | Team | Tutoring | Thesis | Universities | Universe & Space | Vehicles | Website | Word processor | Work counseling | World economy | Word Count Tool|
|Basic PC shortcut keys|
PC shortcut keys for Special Characters
Microsoft Windows shortcut keys
Apple shortcut keys
Linux and Unix shortcut keys
F1 - F12 function keys
Top 10 keyboard shortcuts
Microsoft Excel shortcut keys
Microsoft Word shortcut keys
Internet Explorer shortcut keys
Microsoft FrontPage shortcut keys
Microsoft Outlook shortcut keys
Mozilla Firefox keyboard shortcuts
YouTube keyboard shortcuts
How do I create a Windows shortcut key?
Shortcut keys help provide an easier and usually quicker method of navigating and executing commands in computer software programs. Shortcut keys are commonly accessed by using the Alt key (on IBM compatible computers), Command key (on Apple computers), Ctrl key, or Shift key in conjunction with another key. The de facto standard for listing a shortcut is listing the modifier key, a plus symbol, and another key. In other words, "Ctrl+S" is telling you to press and hold the Ctrl key, and then press the S key too.
In addition to the shortcuts listed on this page, users can find the shortcut keys to their most popular program by looking for underlined letters in their menus. For example, the image to the right has an underline on the "F" in File, which means you can press the Alt key and then the "F" key to access the File menu.
Some programs require the user to press and hold Alt to see the underlined characters. In the same image above, you can see that some of the common features, such as Open (Ctrl+O) and Save (Ctrl+S), have shortcut keys assigned to them. As you begin to memorize shortcut keys, you'll notice that many applications share the same shortcut keys. We have a list of the most commonly shared ones in the basic PC shortcut keys section.
Tip: Users outside the United States or who have a foreign copy of Microsoft Windows or a Microsoft application may not be able to use all of the below shortcut keys.
Below is a list of some of the most commonly used basic shortcut keys that work with almost all IBM compatible computers and software programs. It is highly recommended that all users keep a good reference of these shortcut keys or try to memorize them. Doing so will dramatically increase your productivity.
Tip: Besides the special character shortcuts listed here, some special characters are also located on the number keys (below the F1 - F12 keys). You can enter these special characters by pressing the Shift key and the number key that has the special character listed on it.
There are many special characters that can be created using keyboard shortcuts. Below are some of the more common and popular special characters and the keyboard shortcuts to create them.
What are the F1 through F12 keys?
Commonly known as function keys on a computer keyboard, F1 through F12 may have a variety of different uses or no use at all. The operating system installed on the computer and the software program currently open can change how each of these keys operate. A program is capable of not only using each of the function keys, but also combining the function keys with the ALT or CTRL key. For example, Microsoft Windows users can press ALT + F4 to close the program currently active.
Note: Some keyboards include additional functions on the function keys, which can be activated by pressing the FN key, usually located near the CTRL key, and the appropriate function key. The additional functions available with the use of the FN key will differ depending on the type and brand of keyboard being used. Please check your computer's documentation or manufacturer's website for specific details on which features are available on your keyboard function keys with the use of the FN key.
Tip: Some computers may automatically enable the FN key for accessing the special functions on the F1 through F12 keys. You may be able to turn off the FN key by accessing the keyboard settings in the Control Panel.
If your keyboard does not have a row of function keys, they are probably set up as secondary functions on other keys. Some laptop keyboards are set up this way to save space. They can be activated by pressing another key plus the key with the secondary F key functionality.
Below is a listing of some of the more common functions of the functions keys for Microsoft Windows and Microsoft applications, as well as some for Mac OS. As mentioned above, not all programs support these function keys and the function keys on your keyboard may perform different tasks then those mentioned below.
Tip: If you are looking for specific shortcut keys and function key examples, please visit our shortcut key page.
F13 - F24
Early IBM computers also had keyboards with F13 through F24 keys. However, because these keyboards are no longer used, they are not listed on this page.