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Computers and Internet
State Department of Computers and Internet
State department of computers or computer science
Computer Science
Computer Jobs

What should the governor of a state, an emperor, or a king and his subordinates know about computers and the Internet?
Annotation or definition of a computer and the Internet.
Audit of computers and Internet products’ manufacturing every year.
Categories of jobs relevant to computers and the Internet inside and outside the state.
Computer Cables
Computer Techniques
Computer & Internet Products
Computer Jobs
Computer manufacturing plants and Internet products’ manufacturing locations in the state.
Computer and Internet Services
Desktop computer manufacturing
Department of computers and the Internet in every state.
Glossary of Computer Terms
Manufacturing of specific computers and Internet products in the state.
Motherboard
Parts of a computer
Programming Languages
Questions executive-level computer positions inside and outside the state must be able to answer.

Annotation or definition of a computer and the Internet.
What is a computer?
Do you know the different types of computers?
What are the different types of computers?
What is a computer operating system?
What is a computer server?
Where are computers assembled?
Where are essential computer parts manufactured?
What is a computer or Internet application?
What are various important computer or Internet applications?
What is a computer programming language?
When did the first desktops appear?
What are various computer and Internet services?
What is Computer Science?
What is the Internet?
How does the Internet work?
What is a computer?
A computer is an electronic device which is capable of receiving the inputs (data from the user), storing it for a desired period of time, manipulating it according to the set of instructions (called program) and producing the output to the user in desired form. It performs a variety of operations in accordance to the set of instructions.

What are the different types of computers?
Here are further guidelines.

Computer and Internet Services
What are various computer and Internet services?
Computer science education
Computer and Internet products manufacturing
Computer repair services
Internet service provider
Internet education
On-going Research
Web server
Web development
Among all computer and Internet services, your focus should be on computer and Internet products manufacturing.

What are the main parts that make up a computer and their functions?
The main parts of a computer are the memory, storage and central processing units, all of which are contained in the system unit. The processor reads and interprets instructions, while the memory acts as the temporary storage for those instructions. The storage unit, which is usually referred to as a hard drive, is where all information on the computer is kept

In essence, a computer is made up of software and hardware parts. Software refers to the programs that tell the hardware what to do. Software also comprises programs or applications accessed by the user. It is not possible to physically touch software, but computer users can see what software does on the screen.

Hardware, on the other hand, are the physical components of a computer. The system unit is by far the most important and most delicate hardware part of a computer. It houses the processor, the storage components, and the computer’s memory. It also houses the computer’s main circuitry board, which is commonly known as a motherboard.

All other hardware parts of a computer connect to the system unit using cables that plug into specific ports on the unit. Hardware components that do not form the core part of a computer, such as external storage devices, keyboards and printers, are sometimes referred to as peripherals.
Here are further guidelines.

Categories of jobs relevant to computers and the Internet inside and outside the state.
How are computer jobs categorized inside and outside the state?
Computer factory jobs inside and outside the state belong to state department of computers.
Computer assembly jobs inside and outside the state belong to the state department of computers.
Computer repair jobs inside and outside the state.
Computer jobs that need only computer expertise. www.qureshiuniversity.com/computerjobs.html
Jobs that need computer expertise in addition to other professional skills.
Programming and development of computer software applications.
Networking of computers (Do not go to Cisco. Go ahead with the state department of computers—network engineer or administrator).
Information systems (server administrator, backup team). Servers and hardware applications.
Occupations that do not need computer expertise.
Resources and content developer for departments in the state, products, subjects, occupations, university, college, school education via the Internet (governor of a state, chancellor, and vice chancellor can do this job).

Some computer experts divide computer jobs into three categories: programming, networking, and information systems. There are many more.

What is the conclusion if you are looking for a state government department and are redirected to companies?
Political corruption is the conclusion. Eliminate political corruption.
State government departments must prevail.

Do not go with a company as an employer.
Go with a state government department as your employer.

IBM must be reminded that state factories located in a specific state belongs to the state.

Where should you get a job relevant to computer or computer science inside or outside the state?
State department of engineering.
State department of computers or computer science.
Essential departments inside or outside the state www.qureshiuniversity.com/departments.html

Where should you not get a job in computer or computer science inside or outside the state?
Do not get a job in a company—for example, Microsoft.
All these companies will be closed.
Depending on extent of harms, further punishments are possible.
Essential departments in every state have to prevail. These include the state department of engineering and state department of computers or computer science.
Do not take a job in a company. Departments in the state have a duty to provide jobs.

What are examples of computer jobs inside and outside the state?
Here are further facts.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.com/computerjobs.html

http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/computerscienceworld.html

What are the duties of various states in this context?
Every state must establish its own state department of computers or computer science.
All software must be circulated under the pretext of a general public license through departments in various states.

Computer factory jobs inside and outside the state belonging to the state department of computers.

What are examples of computer factory jobs inside and outside the state belonging to the state department of computers?
Computer manufacturing engineers in the state.
Plant manager/plant supervisor of computer manufacturing in the state.

Computer-integrated manufacturing

What are the components of computer-integrated manufacturing?
Means for data storage, retrieval, manipulation, and presentation.
Mechanisms for sensing and modifying processes.
Algorithms for uniting the data processing component with the sensor/modification component.

Computer-aided techniques:
CAD (computer-aided design)
CAE (computer-aided engineering)
CAM (computer-aided manufacturing)
CAPP (computer-aided process planning)
CAQ (computer-aided quality assurance)
PPC (production planning and control)
ERP (enterprise resource planning)
A business system integrated with a database(s).

What devices and equipment are required?
Devices and equipment required:
CNC (computer numerical controlled) machine tools
DNC (direct numerical control) machine tools
PLCs (programmable logic controllers)
Robotics
Computers
Software
Controllers
Networks
Interfacing
Monitoring equipment

Technologies:
FMS (flexible manufacturing system)
ASRS (automated storage and retrieval system)
AGV (automated guided vehicle)
Robotics
Automated conveyance systems
Others: Lean manufacturing

What are examples of executive-level computer positions inside and outside the state?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/computerjobs.html

What occupations do not use computers?
http://www.qureshiuniversity.org/computerscienceworld.html

What state must have a state department of computers or computer science with the manufacturing of computers and Internet products in the state?
Www.qureshiuniversity.com/states.html

What computer manufacturers have to be taken over by the state department of computers and Internet due to a monopoly and harms?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_computer_system_manufacturers

Audit of computers and Internet product manufacturing every year.

What types of computers and Internet products were manufactured in the state from January 1, 2015, to January 1, 2016?
What types of computers and Internet products were imported into the state from January 1, 2015, to January 1, 2016, including original state and continent (for example, Illinois, North America)?


Who has the duty in Illinois, North America, to manufacture computers and Internet products?
Illinois department of computers and Internet.
The Illinois department of computers and Internet is a state government department.

Questions executive-level computer positions inside and outside the state must be able to answer.

What questions must executive-level computer positions inside and outside the state be able to answer?
For whom are these training programs meant in the state or outside the state around the world?
Why should every state around the world have full-fledged state department of computers and Internet?
How do you establish a full-fledged state department of computers and Internet?
What are examples of essential medical supplies and equipment in the state or outside the state?
How should you maintain your computer and Internet connection?
What will happen if you place more than 3–5 icons that appear on your computer monitor?
Who has the duty to manufacture various computer and Internet products in the state?
Who has the duty to distribute various computers and Internet resources in the state?
What is the difference between a computer and the Internet?
What are the prerequisites to gain these abilities/skills?
What abilities and skills should you have before attempting to become a computer hardware engineer?
What are your computer and Internet learning goals?
What are examples of various computer and Internet products?
What are various computer and Internet services?
How is Computer and Internet Education categorized?
What professions need advanced computer and Internet education?
What professions need basic computer and Internet education?
What professions need more than basic education relevant to computer application software and Internet?
Is it necessary to know about the history of computers and the Internet?
Why is it necessary to know about the history of computers and the Internet?
Who will get preference in this program?
Why should you manufacture parts of desktop computers and assemble desktop computers?
What is included in basic computer education?
Where is a computer engineering certificate course useful?
What should you be able to do to get a master's in computer engineering from Qureshi University?
What should you be able to do to get a PhD in computer engineering from Qureshi University?
What recommendations should you expect after you answer questions relevant to computer and Internet education (computer science) relevant to your profession? Is it necessary to know about the history of computers and the Internet?
Why is it necessary to know about the history of computers and the Internet?
What professions need advanced computer and Internet education?
What professions need basic computer and Internet education?
What professions need more than basic education relevant to computer application software and Internet?
What professions do not use computers?

For whom are these training programs meant in the state or outside the state around the world?
Computer hardware engineers
Computer software engineers
Computer network engineers
Computer support specialists
Computer scientists
Computer assembler
Computer systems analysts
Computer and Internet engineers
Computer network and Internet security engineer
Computer Repair Technician
Computer and Mathematical Occupations
Database administrators
Internet engineers
Other engineers
Professionals who require computer and Internet abilities in the state and outside the state
Students (Aspiring Students/ Current Students)
Basic Computer and Internet Education.

Why should every state around the world have full-fledged state department of computers and Internet?
Needs for computers and Internet have increased in every essential department in the state and every community in the state and outside the state.

How do you establish a full-fledged state department of computers and Internet?
Download the resources displayed here, then copy and paste for public services. You cannot have any commercial gain. This is only for public services.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.com/computerscienceworld.html

Medical Supplies and Equipment

What are examples of essential medical supplies and equipment in the state or outside the state?
In 2015, computer, Internet, and telephone services were essential medical supplies and equipment.
Here are further facts.
http://www.qureshiuniversity.com/medicalsuppliesworld.html

How should you maintain your computer and Internet connection?
Do not place more than 3–5 icons on the computer screen.
Do not download any new program.
If you download any new program, save it on a separate USB drive and not the computer.
Clean internal computer components often with specific software, for example PC utilities pro.

What will happen if you place more than 3–5 icons that appear on your computer monitor?
Computer will slow down.
Internet connection will get disconnected often.

Computers with Internet in Kashmir.

How many computers with Internet connections are there in Kashmir?
Who should be head of the Kashmir department of computers and Internet?
How many professionals, including computer and Internet engineers, are required for department of computers with Internet in Kashmir?

At least 6,000 professionals, including computer and Internet engineers.
This is the requirement for Kashmir for the year 2015.
Each of these engineers is generally named computer engineer.
I personally can communicate like this.
I am a computer engineer with specialty of being a computer software engineer.
I can guide all engineers, including all types of computer engineers.

What location in Kashmir is ideal to assemble, repair, and manufacture computers and Internet components without harming others through the Kashmir department of computers and Internet?
Kashmir Computers and Internet department.
Previous HMT`s watch unit location.
Other locations without harming others.

There are some namesake engineers who cannot even guide one type of engineer listed above. Questions an engineer must be able to answer.
What type of engineer are you?
What type of computer engineer are you?
Here are example of answer.
I am a material engineer.
I am a computer engineer.
I can guide all type of engineers.
I can guide 611 professions; this includes engineers.
Questions you need to answer.
What type of engineer can you guide?
What type of computer engineer can you guide?

What are immediate issues for computer network engineers in Kashmir?
Emails are been blocked from Kashmir while being in Chicago , Illinois.
Even Kashmir police emails are blocked.
Detect the location of blockage of emails.
Take preventive measures to prevent blocking of emails from Kashmir to the rest of the world, including Chicago, Illinois.

Who has the duty to manufacture various computer and Internet products in the state?
The state department of engineering.

Who has the duty to distribute various computers and Internet resources in the state?
The state department of human services.
The state department of human resources.
The state department of law.

What is the difference between a computer and the Internet?
A computer contains software and hardware to perform specific tasks.
A computer with networking and Internet service makes Internet activities possible.

What are the prerequisites to gain these abilities/skills?
What abilities and skills should you have before attempting to become a computer hardware engineer?

Material engineering.
English language abilities.
Civilized behavior.

What are your computer and Internet learning goals?
Basic computer education
Computer hardware engineer
Computer software engineer
Computer network engineer
Computer support specialist
Computer scientist
Computer systems analyst
Database administrator
Other, please specify

Computer & Internet Products
What are examples of various computer and Internet products?
Application software
Accessories
Audio
AMD CPU/Motherboard Bundles
Air & Water Cooling
Bluetooth
Cables
Camcorders
Cameras
CD / DVD Burners
Cellular Phones
Communications
Computers
Central Processing Unit
Computer Peripherals
Computer Appliances
Computer Components
Computer Software
Computer Operating Systems
    UNIX: AIX, BSD, HP-UX, Solaris
    Linux: Debian, Gentoo, Red Hat, Slackware
    MacOS: MacOS 7, 8, 9, Mac OS X
    Windows: XP, Windows 2003, Windows 2008, Windows Vista, Windows 7
Computer Hardware
    CPU, Hard Drives, RAM - Random Access Memory, LCD Monitors, Modems
Computer Firmware
    (BIOS [CMOS], Flash ROMs, Flash Memory)
Computer Desktops
Computer Workstations
Computer Storage
    Storage Appliance, SAN, NAS
Computer Storage Media
    Floppy, CD-R, CD-RW, DVD-R, DVD+R, DVD-RW, DVD DL, BlueRay,
Computer and Internet Maintenance
Computer Security
Computer Virtualization
Computer Networks and Networking
Computer Cases
Computer Parts
Cooling Products
CPUs (Processors)
Computer Memory/RAM
Computer Cases
CD/DVD/Blu-ray Burners
Controller Cards
Case Accessories
Camcorders
Databases
Desktops
Download
Download
Digital Picture Frames
Digital Photography
Digital Cameras
Digital SLR Cameras
Digital Photo Frames
Electronics
External Hard Drives
Flash Memory Cards
GPS Navigation
Hardware
Hard Drives
HDD Enclosures
Home Automation
Home Theater
Housewares
Hard Drives
Internet browsers (Web Browsers)
Intel CPU/Motherboard Bundles
Ink & Toner
Keyboard & Mice
Laptops / Notebooks
Laptop Accessories
LCD TVs / HDTV / Plasma
List of programming languages
Mac Hardware
Mac Accessories
Media (CD DVD Tape)
Memory / RAM
Mice
Monitors
Motherboards
Motherboard & CPUs
MP3 Accessories
MP3 / Media Players
Networking products
Networking
Operating systems
Office Supplies
Power Protection
Power Supplies
Photo Accessories
Printers
Projectors
Processors/CPUs
Remote access to computer
Remote control
Refurbished Desktop Computers
Refurbished Laptops
Removable Storage
Servers
Scanners
Semiconductor
Semiconductor Device Fabrication
SSD (Solid State Drive)
Sound Cards
Speakers
Surveillance
USB Flash Drives
Ultrabooks
Text Editors for Programmeres - Programming Tools
Types of Computers
    1: Desktop Computers
    2: Laptop Computers
    3: Netbook Computers
    4: Handheld Computers(PDAs)
    5: Server (Data Center)
    Servers in a data center. Several servers are mounted on a rack and connected to a KVM switch.
    6: MainframeIn the early days of computing, mainframes were huge computers that could fill an entire room or even a whole floor!
    7: Supercomputer
    8: Wearable Computer
    9: Palmtop
    10: Tablet Computers
Tablets
Televisions
Tools
TV Tuners
USB Flash Drives
Video
Video Capture
Video Cards
Webcams & Video Editing
Wireless Networking
Word processor
NETWORKING

Wireless Networking
Wireless Routers
Wireless Cards
Wireless Access Points
Antennas, Signal Boosters
Wired Networking
Wired Routers
Wired Cards
Wired Hubs, Switches
Network Attached Storage (NAS)
Networking Cables
Modems
Networking Tools
ACCESSORIES
Ink & Toner Finder
Carrying Cases
Paper
Labels
CD/DVD/Blu-ray Media
Cables & Adapters
Batteries, Chargers
UPS, Surge Protection
KVM
Wristrest, Mousepads
Office Supplies
Cleaning, Maintenance
Speakers, Microphones
GAMING
Consoles
Handheld
Windows
Xbox 360
PS3
Wii/Wii
Macintosh
PS2
Xbox
Game Guides
Windows Server
Books
Computer and Internet Services
What are various computer and Internet services?
Computer science education
Computer and Internet products manufacturing
Computer repair services
Email issues
Internet service provider
Internet education
On-going Research
Web server
Web development
Among all computer and Internet services, your focus should be on computer and Internet products manufacturing.

Computer keyboard shortcut keys
Computer keyboard shortcut keys

Computer and Mathematical Occupations
Computer and Internet Occupations
How is Computer and Internet Education categorized?
What professions need advanced computer and Internet education?
What professions need basic computer and Internet education?
What professions need more than basic education relevant to computer application software and Internet?
What professions do not use computers?
Is it necessary to know about the history of computers and the Internet?
Why is it necessary to know about the history of computers and the Internet?
Who will get preference in this program?
Why should you manufacture parts of desktop computers and assemble desktop computers?
What is included in basic computer education?
Where is a computer engineering certificate course useful?
What should you be able to do to get a master's in computer engineering from Qureshi University?
What should you be able to do to get a PhD in computer engineering from Qureshi University?
What recommendations should you expect after you answer questions relevant to computer and Internet education (computer science) relevant to your profession?
Here are important guidelines.
Software
Computer Software Engineer
Computer Operating Systems
    UNIX: AIX, BSD, HP-UX, Solaris
    Linux: Debian, Gentoo, Red Hat, Slackware
    MacOS: MacOS 7, 8, 9, Mac OS X
    Windows: XP, Windows 2003, Windows 2008, Windows Vista, Windows 7
Computer Firmware
    (BIOS [CMOS], Flash ROMs, Flash Memory)
Database
Download
List of programming languages
List of software categories
Utility software
Software development process(Programming Tools)
Search engine programming in php, mysql, JavaScript.
Software
Server operating systems

Contact Us
Faculty
Facilities

Computer and Internet Occupations
How is Computer and Internet Education categorized?
Basic Computer and Internet Education.
Advanced Computer and Internet Education.
    Associate programs
    Bachelor’s degrees
    Master’s degree
    Doctoral degree
    Post-degree Certificate

Basic Computer and Internet education lasts for a few weeks or months to less than a year.
Certain individuals take more time to complete Basic Computer and Internet education.

What professions need advanced computer and Internet education?
Computer Engineer
    Computer Hardware Engineer
    Computer Software Engineer
    Computer Network Engineer
    Computer support specialists
    Computer scientists
    Computer Systems Analysts
    Database administrators
    What would you like to be?
    Here are further guidelines.
Actuaries
Computer and Information Analysts
Mathematicians
Operations Research Analysts
Statisticians
Telecommunications Network Engineer

Glossary of Computer Terms

BIOS: (basic input /output system) a set of routines that work closely with the computer hardware to support the transfer of information between elements of the system (memory, disk, monitors)
 

Bit/Byte:
  • Bit = the smallest unit of information in a computer equivalent to a single zero or one.
  • Byte is an equivalent to a character and it is formed by 8 bits.
Bus: A parallel circuit that connects the major components of a computer, allowing the transfer of electric impulses from one connected component to any other.
Cache: an area of memory that holds frequently accessed data or program instructions for the purpose of speeding a computer system performance.
CD-ROM: (compact disk read only memory) a rigid plastic disk that stores a large amount of data through the use of laser optic technology. 

 
Circuitboard: flat piece of non-conductive material on which computer microprocessors and other electric components are mounted and electrically connected by thin strips of metals. 

 
CPU: (central processing unit) the part of the computer that interprets data, executes instructions, and solves arithmetic problems; the main information processor or "brain" of the computer. 

 
Disk: Drive the mechanism that rotates a storage disk (such as a floppy, hard, or CD-ROM disk) and read or writes data (or both) on a disk medium 

 
DOS: (disk operating system) operating system for PCs before windows, computers ran using a basic language based on text instructions - no graphical user interface (GUI)

 
Expansion slot: a socket inside the computer console, designed to hold expansion boards and connect them to the system bus (data pathway) 

 
Hard drive:  where all the main information is stored in the computer. Used for storing data. 

 
HTML: (Hypertext markup language) the language used to build web pages

 
Keyboard: a keypad device with buttons or keys that a user presses to enter data, characters and commands into a computer 

 
Kilobyte/Megabyte/Gigabyte: Measures of storage (memory) capacity
kilobyte = 1,024 (1 thousand) bytes
megabyte = 1,048,576 (1 million) bytes
kilobytes = 1,073,741,824 (1 billion) bytes
Megahertz: one million hertz (cycles per second), used to measure the velocity of the CPU and its computations. 

 
Modem: a device that converts signals from one form to a form compatible with another kind of equipment to transmit data between computers, generally over phone lines

 
Monitor: A television-like output device connected to the computer that displays information on a screen. displays a variety of information (text, icons, images, etc.) 

 
Motherboard: the main board of a computer, containing the primary components for the central processing unit, main memory, keyboard, monitor, and often having slots for accepting additional circuitry.

 
Mouse: a small mobile manual device that controls movements of of a cursor on a  computer display 

 
RAM: (random access memory) a form of temporary internal memory storage whose contents can be retrieved and altered by the user :also called read and write memory, it stores data only when the computer is on (when the computer is shut down any data not stored is lost). 

 
ROM: (read only memory) permanent internal memory containing data or operating instructions that can be read but not altered by the user 

 
USB: (universal serial bus) is a newer way to connect a variety of peripherals to the computer.  Simplifies connection of up to 63 devices to the system while it is running.

 
Window: (on the screen) - a portion of the screen that can contain its own documents or messages. each window can also contain its own menu and other controls. 

 
Windows: (operating system)
History of computers and the Internet
Is it necessary to know about the history of computers and the Internet?
Yes.

Why is it necessary to know about the history of computers and the Internet?
Computer and the Internet of 1999 are not same as that existing now. New technology has been introduced continuously.

Basic Computer and Internet Education.
How is Computer and Internet Education categorized?
Basic Computer and Internet Education.
Advanced Computer and Internet Education.
    Associate programs
    Bachelor’s degrees
    Master’s degree
    Doctoral degree
    Post-degree Certificate

Basic Computer and Internet education lasts for a few weeks or months to less than a year.
Certain individuals take more time to complete Basic Computer and Internet education.

What professions need advanced computer and Internet education?
Computer Engineer
    Computer Hardware Engineer
    Computer Software Engineer
    Computer Network Engineer
    Computer support specialists
    Computer scientists
    Computer Systems Analysts
    Database administrators
    What would you like to be?
    Here are further guidelines.

    Who will get preference in this program?
    You should be interested in manufacturing parts of computers or assembling computers, particularly desktop computers.

    Why should you manufacture parts of desktop computers and assemble desktop computers?
    The demand for desktop computers worldwide is going to increase.

    What is the curriculum?
    Computer education ranges from certificate course, undergraduate, master's, to PhD.

    What is included in basic computer education?
    Basic computer education will include these topics:
    1. Definition of a computer.
    2. Computer types.
    3. Computer parts, with focus on desktop computers.
    4. Computer operating system.
    5. Computer applications.
    6. Word document.
    7. Internet.
    8. E-mail
    9. History of computing hardware.
    This is going to take eight weeks.
    There are going to be 60 questions.
    There will be a one-hour class every alternate day.
    You will have to do homework.

    Where is a computer engineering certificate course useful?
    In all essential ingredients of the economy:
    Administration, education, health care, law, media, agriculture and food sciences, ground transportation, other engineering disciplines, electrical engineering, aerospace, etc.

    What should you be able to do to get a master's in computer engineering from Qureshi University?
    You should be able to program a search engine.
    You should be able to know Javascript, Php, mysql database, and similar programming languages.
    You should be able to program useful computer and/or Internet applications.

    What should you be able to do to get a PhD in computer engineering from Qureshi University?
    Here are important guidelines.

    What recommendations should you expect after you answer questions relevant to computer and Internet education (computer science) relevant to your profession?
    You need basic computer science education.
    You need advanced computer science education.
    Advanced computer science education includes associate degree, bachelor’s degrees, master’s degree, doctoral degree, and post-degree certificate.
Students (Aspiring Students/ Current Students)
Computer Science

Questions a computer science learner needs to answer.
Students (Aspiring Students/ Current Students)
Here are further guidelines.
Here are further guidelines.
Courses
What are you interested in learning?
What are you interested in improving?

Computer assembler
Are you interested in assembling already manufactured computer parts?
Do you need to assemble a desktop or laptop computer?
Do you need to assemble machines that utilize computer science?
Who will supply computer parts?
What parameters should be included in a feasibility study?
Here are important guidelines.

Computer hardware engineers
Computer Hardware Engineer

Computer software engineers
Computer Software Engineer

Computer network engineers
Computer Network Engineer

Computer support specialists
Computer support specialists

Computer scientists
Computer scientists

Computer systems analysts
Computer Systems Analysts

Computer and Mathematical Occupations
Computer and Internet Occupations
Here are further guidelines.
Computer and Internet engineers
Here are further guidelines.

Computer network and Internet security engineer
Here are further guidelines.

Database administrators
Database administrators

Internet engineers
Here are further guidelines.

Other engineers
Here are further guidelines.

Professionals who require computer and Internet abilities in the state and outside the state
What professions need basic computer and Internet education?
A List of Jobs That Use Computers
http://www.qureshiuniversity.com/professionsworld.html

What professions need more than basic education relevant to computer application software and Internet?
Correspondent (Reporter, Journalist)
Cameraman
Cinematography specialist
Director News
Director
Distributors
Editor
Music director
Magazine Journalist
News Editor
News reader
Photographer
Photo Journalist
Principal Correspondent
Producer
Public relations specialist
Printing machine operators
Video Journalist

What professions do not use computers?
Air-hostesses / stewards
Artillerymen
Air-con technicians
Bartenders
Beauty therapists
Chef
Clergymen / Preachers
Chauffeurs / drivers
Dancers
Dancing instructors
Day care teachers / babysitters
Dishwashers
Electricians
Filing clerks
General practitioners
House-Keepers
Infantrymen
Janitors
Musicians
Music teachers
Musical conductors
Masons
Martial arts instructors
Massage therapists
Machine operators / machinists
Nutritionists / Dieticians
Oil-painting artists
Parking attendants
Physical education teachers
QC inspectors
Rangers
Security officers
Store assistants
Vehicle mechanics
Waiter / Waitress
Welders

Here are further guidelines.

What should every state forward regularly?
Forward profile relevant to state.
Forward human resources relevant to state.
Forward remuneration.

What are examples of the states that should have full-fledged state department of computers and Internet?

North American States
  1. Alabama (AL)

  2. Alaska (AK)

  3. Arizona (AZ)

  4. Arkansas (AR)

  5. Alberta (AB)

  6. British Columbia (BC)

  7. California (CA)

  8. Colorado (CO)

  9. Connecticut (CT)

  10. Delaware (DE)

  11. Florida (FL)

  12. Georgia (GA)

  13. Hawaii (HI)

  14. Idaho (ID)

  15. Illinois (IL)

  16. Indiana (IN)

  17. Iowa (IA)

  18. Kansas (KS)

  19. Kentucky (KY)

  20. Louisiana (LA)

  21. Maine (ME)

  22. Maryland (MD)

  23. Massachusetts (MA)

  24. Michigan (MI)

  25. Minnesota (MN)

  26. Mississippi (MS)

  27. Missouri (MO)

  28. Montana (MT)

  29. Manitoba (MB)

  30. Mexico (MX)

  31. Nebraska (NE)

  32. Nevada (NV)

  33. New Hampshire (NH)

  34. New Jersey (NJ)

  35. New Mexico (NM)

  36. New York (NY)

  37. North Carolina (NC)

  38. North Dakota (ND)

  39. New Brunswick (NB)

  40. Newfoundland and Labrador (NL)

  41. Northwest Territories (NT)

  42. Nova Scotia (NS)

  43. Nunavut (NU)

  44. Ohio (OH)

  45. Oklahoma (OK)

  46. Oregon (OR)

  47. Ontario (ON)

  48. Pennsylvania (PA)

  49. Prince Edward Island (PE)

  50. Quebec (QC)

  51. Rhode Island (RI)

  52. South Carolina (SC)

  53. South Dakota (SD)

  54. Saskatchewan (SK)

  55. Tennessee (TN)

  56. Texas (TX)

  57. Utah (UT)

  58. Vermont (VT)

  59. Virginia (VA)

  60. Washington (WA)

  61. West Virginia (WV)

  62. Wisconsin (WI)

  63. Wyoming (WY)

  64. Yukon (YT)
    Asian States

  65. Albania

  66. Andorra

  67. Armenia

  68. Austria

  69. Azerbaijan

  70. Arkhangelsk Oblast

  71. Anhui Province

  72. Afghanistan

  73. Assam

  74. Arunachal Pradesh

  75. Andhra Pradesh

  76. Andaman and Nicober Islands

  77. Balochistan

  78. Bangladesh

  79. Bhutan

  80. Brunei

  81. Belarus

  82. Belgium

  83. Bosnia and Herzegovina

  84. Bulgaria

  85. Bihar

  86. Bahrain

  87. Chechnya

  88. Croatia

  89. Cyprus

  90. Czech Republic

  91. Cambodia

  92. Chukotka Autonomous Okrug

  93. Chhattisgarh

  94. Daman and Diu

  95. Dadra and Nagar Haveli

  96. Denmark

  97. England

  98. Estonia

  99. East Timor

  100. Finland

  101. Fujian Province

  102. France

  103. Gujarat

  104. Goa

  105. Georgia

  106. Germany

  107. Gibraltar

  108. Greece

  109. Gansu Province

  110. Guangdong Province

  111. Guangxi Province

  112. Guizhou

  113. Heilongjiang

  114. Hong Kong

  115. Hubei

  116. Hainan Province

  117. Henan Province

  118. Hunan Province

  119. Himachal Pradesh

  120. Hungary

  121. Inner Mongolia

  122. Indonesia

  123. Iran

  124. Iraq

  125. Iceland

  126. Ireland

  127. Italy

  128. Japan

  129. Jeddah

  130. Jiangxi Province

  131. Jordan

  132. Jiangsu

  133. Jiangxi

  134. Jilin

  135. Jharkhand

  136. Kashmir

  137. Karnataka

  138. Kerala

  139. Kazakhstan

  140. Korea - North

  141. Korea - South

  142. Kyrgyzstan

  143. Kuwait

  144. Kaliningrad Oblast

  145. Lakshadweep

  146. Latvia

  147. Liechtenstein

  148. Lithuania

  149. Luxembourg

  150. Laos

  151. Lebanon

  152. Liaoning Province

  153. Liaoning

  154. Manipur

  155. Mizoram

  156. Maharashtra

  157. Madhya Pradesh

  158. Meghalaya

  159. Malaysia

  160. Maldives

  161. Magadan Oblast

  162. Mongolia

  163. Myanmar

  164. Macedonia

  165. Malta

  166. Medina

  167. Mecca

  168. Moldova

  169. Monaco

  170. Montenegro

  171. NCT of Delhi

  172. Nagaland

  173. Netherlands

  174. Northern Ireland

  175. Norway

  176. Ningxia

  177. Nepal

  178. Oman

  179. Orissa

  180. Puducherry

  181. Punjab

  182. Peshawar

  183. Philippines

  184. Poland

  185. Portugal

  186. Palestine

  187. Qinghai Province

  188. Qinghai

  189. Qatar

  190. Rajasthan

  191. Romania

  192. Sikkim

  193. Syria

  194. Sindh

  195. Singapore

  196. Sri Lanka

  197. Scotland

  198. Serbia

  199. Slovakia

  200. Slovenia

  201. Spain

  202. Sweden

  203. Switzerland

  204. Shaanxi Province

  205. Shandong

  206. Shanxi

  207. Sichuan

  208. Taiwan

  209. Tajikistan

  210. Thailand

  211. Tibet

  212. Tripura

  213. Tamil Nadu

  214. Turkey

  215. Turkmenistan

  216. Ukraine

  217. Uzbekistan

  218. Uttarakhand

  219. United Arab Emirates

  220. Uttar Pradesh

  221. Vietnam

  222. Vatican City

  223. Wales

  224. West Bengal

  225. Xinjiang

  226. Yunnan

  227. Yemen

  228. Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug

  229. Zhejiang
    Africa

  230. Algeria

  231. Angola

  232. Burundi

  233. Benin

  234. Burkina Faso

  235. Botswana

  236. Cape Verde

  237. Côte d'Ivoire

  238. Comoros

  239. Cameroon

  240. Central African Republic

  241. Chad

  242. Canary Islands

  243. Ceuta

  244. Democratic Republic of the Congo

  245. Djibouti

  246. Egypt

  247. Eritrea

  248. Ethiopia

  249. Equatorial Guinea

  250. Gabon

  251. Gambia

  252. Ghana

  253. Guinea

  254. Guinea-Bissau

  255. Kenya

  256. Liberia

  257. Lesotho

  258. Madagascar

  259. Malawi

  260. Mauritius

  261. Mayotte

  262. Mozambique

  263. Mali

  264. Mauritania

  265. Madeira

  266. Melilla

  267. Morocco

  268. Niger

  269. Nigeria

  270. Namibia

  271. Réunion

  272. Rwanda

  273. Republic of the Congo

  274. São Tomé and Príncipe

  275. Saint Helena

  276. Senegal

  277. Sierra Leone

  278. Seychelles

  279. Somalia

  280. South Africa

  281. Swaziland

  282. South Sudan

  283. Sudan

  284. Tanzania

  285. Togo

  286. Tunisia

  287. Uganda

  288. Western Sahara

  289. Zambia

  290. Zimbabwe
    Australia

  291. Northern Territory

  292. South Australia

  293. Queensland

  294. New South Wales

  295. Victoria (Australia)

  296. Western Australian

  297. Tasmania

  298. New Zealand
    Latin

  299. Acre (Asif Province)

  300. Alagoas

  301. Amapá

  302. Amazonas

  303. Bahia

  304. Buenos Aires Province

  305. Ceará

  306. Chubut Province

  307. Córdoba Province

  308. Goiás

  309. Bolivia

  310. Chile

  311. Colombia

  312. Ecuador

  313. Falkland Islands

  314. French Guiana

  315. Guyana

  316. Paraguay

  317. Peru

  318. Río Negro

  319. Santa Cruz

  320. Santa Fe Province

  321. Salta Province

  322. South Georgia

  323. Suriname

  324. Uruguay

  325. Venezuela

Computer Techniques
Table of keyboard shortcuts
Computer configuration
Computer Science
Computer Learning Center
Computer repair services
Computer configuration

How do I find configuration of my computer?
Click the Start button and then enter "system" into the search field. Select "System Information" from under Programs. Click "System Summary" to see details about the operating system installed to the computer, the processor, basic input/output system and RAM. Double-click "Components."

How to view system information on Windows 10

View basic system information
Right click on "Start Menu" and click on "System" in pop-up menu to open "System" window.

View detailed system information
Type "System Information" in cortana search box, and select "System Information" from cortana search results.
Table of keyboard shortcuts


Here are further guidelines.

Manufacturing of specific computers and Internet products in the state.
Desktop computer manufacturing
What type of computer needs to be manufactured among the following list of computers?
1. Desktop Computers
2. Laptop Computers
3. Server (Data Center)
4. Handheld Computers (PDAs)
5. Netbook Computers
6. Mainframe
7. Supercomputer
8. Wearable Computer
9. Palmtop
10. Tablet Computers
11. Router


Desktop computers need to be manufactured among the listed computers.

How do you manufacture a desktop computer?
You need to answer relevant questions ahead of time and implement the guidelines every day.

What parts do you need to manufacture a desktop computer?
Get these components.
1. A motherboard for a desktop computer. A motherboard for either an Intel or AMD processor. An ATX or Micro-ATX form.
2. Processor for either the Intel or AMD motherboard.
3. Memory for the motherboard.
4. A case to hold the motherboard CPU and full memory tower, mid-tower, or micro tower.
5. A power supply if the case does not include one.
6. A DVD RW drive.
7. A hard disk drive (HDD) and (optionally) a solid state drive (SSD).
8. A video card if your motherboard does not have integrated video or you plan on playing games.
9. A CPU cooler (heatsink) if not included with the processor (retail box units include the cooler).
10. A thermal compound for between the CPU and heatsink.
11. An operating system—normally Windows 7 or Windows 8 (64 bit or 32 bit), but there are also several versions of Linux to consider.
12. A monitor for the desktop computer (12 inches by 11 inches).
13. A mouse and keyboard for the computer.

How many desktop computers do you plan to manufacture from Srinagar, Kashmir, plant belonging to the Kashmir Department of Computers and the Internet?
One thousand desktop computers per year need to be manufactured by January 1, 2018.

What is the profile of employees at the desktop computer manufacturing plant in Srinagar, Kashmir?
Computer manufacturing engineer in Kashmir.
Plant manager/plant supervisor of computer manufacturing in Kashmir.
Other workers.
You profile and contact details must be available through the Internet.

What should the manufacturer’s label be on this desktop computer?
Made in Kashmir, Asia.

What is the location of the manufacturer of these desktop computers?
Former HMT watch factory, Kashmir, Asia.

What should the employees at this desktop computer factory in Kashmir know?
They are Kashmir Department of Computers and the Internet (a government department) employees.

What materials are required to manufacture a desktop computer from scratch?

1 Monitor
2 Motherboard
3 CPU (Microprocessor)
4 ATA sockets
5 Main memory (RAM)
6 Expansion cards
7 Power supply unit
8 Optical disc drive
9 Hard disk drive (HDD)
10 Keyboard
11 Mouse






What are the important constituent components of an ATX motherboard?
13 components:
1. mouse and keyboard
2. USB
3. parallel port
4. CPU chip
5. RAM slots
6. floppy controller
7. IDE controller
8. PCI slot
9. ISA slot
10. CMOS battery
11. AGP slot
12. CPU slot
13. power supply plug-in

Who is guiding these products and services from abroad?
Doctor Asif Qureshi

Computer Jobs
Computer Jobs

Computer Cables
What is a computer cable?
Alternatively referred to as a cord, connector or plug, a cable is one or more wires covered in a plastic covering that connects a computer to a power source or other device. The picture is an example of what the power cord may look like for your computer or monitor.

What is the cord that connects the monitor to the computer?
A VGA cable should be used if DVI connectors are not available on either the monitor or the computer. High-Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI) is the current digital standard for connecting all kinds of video devices. HDMI cables provide the same quality of video signal as DVI.

What Are The Different Computer Cable Types You Should Know As A User?

  1. Auxiliary Input Cables

    This 3' Insignia™ NS-LW16 3.5mm audio cable lets you connect a cell phone, tablet or MP3 player to a stereo system, speaker or computer and features a low-profile design that enables easy connectivity while your device remains in its case.


  2. DVI (Digital Visual Interface)



  3. eSATA (External Serial Advanced Technology Attachment)


    Ethernet



  4. FireWire



  5. HDMI (High Definition Multimedia Interface)



  6. HDMI (High Definition Multimedia Interface)



  7. IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics)



  8. SATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment)



  9. VGA (Video Graphics Array)



  10. USB (Universal Serial Bus)


Here’s an overview of the most common computer cable types you’ll encounter when dealing with computers.

VGA (Video Graphics Array)

computer cables

Created way back in the 1980’s, the VGA connection cable was the standard cable used to connect a computer to a monitor. More recently, it has faded out of popularity due to the gradual shift towards digital connections over analog. Still, if you look on any video card or display apparatus, there is a good chance you’ll see a VGA port.

VGA connections can be identified by 15 pins arranged in 3 rows with 5 on each row. Each row corresponds to the 3 different color channels used in display: red, green, and blue.

DVI (Digital Visual Interface)

computer cables wiring

The DVI connection became the successor to VGA as technology moved away from analog towards digital. Digital displays, like LCD, proved to be higher quality, which soon became the market standard for home pictures. DVI connectors come in 3 varieties.
DVI-A can transmit analog signals, allowing it to be backwards compatible with VGA (useful for CRT monitors and LCDs of lower quality).
DVI-D can transmit the newer digital signals.
DVI-I is capable of both analog and digital.
In certain cases, you may need a VGA-to-DVI or DVI-to-VGA converter cable.

HDMI (High Definition Multimedia Interface)

computer cables wiring

In the past decade, high-definition broadcasts became the new standard of what it means to be high quality. Unlike VGA and DVI, HDMI sends both video and audio signals together. The signals are digital only; thus, HDMI is only compatible with newer devices.

HDMI connectors come in 4 types:
Type A is the most popular. This connector can be identified by its 19 pins on the male head. Type A is compatible with single-link DVI-D connections.
Type B is larger than Type A, coming in at 29 pins on the male head. Type B is compatible with dual-link DVI-D connections. Type C is a 19-pin connector that’s most often used with portable devices, like camcorders and digital cameras. Type D looks similar to a micro-USB cord. It also has 19 pins.

USB (Universal Serial Bus)

computer cables wiring

From left to right: micro USB, mini USB, type B standard USB, and type A standard USB (both female and male).

The USB connection is quite possibly the most pervasive connection type in today’s world. Nearly every form of computer peripheral device — keyboards, mice, headsets, flash drives, wireless adapters, etc. — can be connected to your computer through a USB port. The design has evolved over the years, which means there are multiple versions of USB available:

USB 1.0/1.1 can transmit data at speeds up to 12 Mbps.
USB 2.0 can transmit data at speeds up to 480 Mbps and is compatible with older versions of USB. At the time of this article, USB 2.0 is the most common type found in the market.
USB 3.0 can transmit data at speeds up to 4.8 Gbps. It is compatible with previous versions of USB.

The mini and micro USB variants are most often used with smaller, portable devices like PDAs, phones, and digital cameras. The standard USB connectors are more often used on devices that tend to remain plugged in, like external hard drives, keyboards, and mice.

IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics)

computer networking cables

IDE cables were used to connect storage devices to a motherboard. If you’ve ever opened up a an old hard drive then you likely know what an IDE connector looks like. It’s the wide cable that looks like a ribbon with more than 2 plugs.

The connectors on an IDE cable have 40 pins; the smaller 2.5” drive variety uses a form-factor version of the IDE that has 44 pins.

SATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment)

computer networking cables

Newer hard drives will likely use SATA ports over IDE ports. In fact, SATA was designed to succeed IDE, and it has. Compared to IDE, SATA provides higher data transfer speeds. Your motherboard needs to be compatible with SATA, and nowadays most of them are.

A standard SATA cable can be identified by two connectors, each having 7 pins and an empty notch. It looks like a subtle L-shape.

eSATA (External Serial Advanced Technology Attachment)

computer networking cables

eSATA technology is an extension of, or improvement on, the SATA cable — it makes SATA technology available in an external form. In reality, eSATA is not much different from SATA, but it allows connections to devices like external hard drives and optical drives. This is useful because eSATA offers speeds much faster than most FireWire and USB alternatives.

FireWire

The purpose of FireWire is similar to that of USB: high speed data transfer for computer peripherals. High bandwidth devices, like printers and scanners, will benefit from FireWire. For whatever reason, FireWire is not as widespread as USB. FireWire cables come in two forms: 1394a (which has a transfer speed of 400 Mbps) and 1394b (which has a transfer speed of 800 Mbps).

Ethernet

computer cables

Ethernet cables are used to set up local area networks. In most cases, they’re used to connect routers to modems and computers. If you’ve ever tried to install or fix a home router, you’ve likely dealt with an Ethernet computer cable. Nowadays, they come in three varieties:

Cat 5 cables are the most basic type and provide speeds of either 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps.

Cat 5e, which means Cat 5 Enhanced, allows for faster data transmission than its predecessor. It caps at 1,000 Mbps. Cat 6 is the latest and offers the best performance of the three. It’s capable of supporting 10 Gbps speeds.

Programming Languages
List of programming languages
What is a Programming Language?
What type of programming language do you prefer?
How many types of programming languages are there?
What is the Best Programming Language to Learn in 2017?
What is a Programming Language?

A programming language is used to write computer programs such as
•Applications
•Utilities
•Servers
•Systems Programs
A program is written as a series of human understandable computer instructions that can be read by a compiler and linker, and translated into machine code so that a computer can understand and run it.

What type of programming language do you prefer?
List of programming languages by type
Alphabetical
Categorical
Chronological
Generational

Below is a listing of several different programming languages and scripting languages currently listed in our database.

How many types of programming languages are there?
  1. AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML)

  2. A# .NET

  3. A# (Axiom)

  4. A-0 System

  5. A+

  6. A++

  7. ABAP

  8. ABC

  9. ABC ALGOL

  10. ABLE

  11. ABSET

  12. ABSYS

  13. Abundance

  14. ACC

  15. Accent

  16. Ace DASL

  17. ACT-III

  18. Action!

  19. ActionScript

  20. Ada

  21. Adenine

  22. Agda

  23. Agilent VEE

  24. Agora

  25. AIMMS

  26. Alef

  27. ALF

  28. ALGOL 58

  29. ALGOL 60

  30. ALGOL 68

  31. Alice

  32. Alma-0

  33. AmbientTalk

  34. Amiga E

  35. AMOS

  36. AMPL

  37. APL

  38. AppleScript

  39. Arc

  40. ARexx

  41. Argus

  42. AspectJ

  43. ASP.NET

  44. Assembly language

  45. ATS

  46. Ateji PX

  47. AutoHotkey

  48. Autocoder

  49. AutoIt

  50. AutoLISP / Visual LISP

  51. Averest

  52. AWK

  53. Axum

  54. Babbage

  55. Bash

  56. BASIC

  57. bc

  58. BCPL

  59. BeanShell

  60. Batch (Windows/Dos)

  61. Bertrand

  62. BETA

  63. Bigwig

  64. Bistro

  65. BitC

  66. BLISS

  67. Blue

  68. Bon

  69. Boo

  70. Boomerang

  71. Bourne shell (including bash and ksh)

  72. BREW

  73. BPEL

  74. BUGSYS

  75. BuildProfessional

  76. C--

  77. C++ - ISO/IEC 14882

  78. C# - ISO/IEC 23270

  79. C/AL

  80. Caché ObjectScript

  81. C Shell

  82. Caml

  83. Candle

  84. Cayenne

  85. CDuce

  86. Cecil

  87. Cel

  88. Cesil

  89. Ceylon

  90. CFML

  91. Cg

  92. Ch

  93. Chapel

  94. CHAIN

  95. Charity

  96. Charm

  97. Chef

  98. CHILL

  99. CHIP-8

  100. chomski

  101. ChucK

  102. CICS

  103. Cilk

  104. CL (IBM)

  105. Claire

  106. Clarion

  107. Clean

  108. Clipper

  109. CLIST

  110. Clojure

  111. CLU

  112. CMS-2

  113. COBOL - ISO/IEC 1989

  114. CobolScript

  115. Cobra

  116. CODE

  117. CoffeeScript

  118. Cola

  119. ColdC

  120. ColdFusion

  121. Cool

  122. COMAL

  123. Combined Programming Language (CPL)

  124. Common Intermediate Language (CIL)

  125. Common Lisp (also known as CL)

  126. COMPASS

  127. Component Pascal

  128. COMIT

  129. Constraint Handling Rules (CHR)

  130. Converge

  131. Coral 66

  132. Corn

  133. CorVision

  134. Coq

  135. COWSEL

  136. CPL

  137. csh

  138. CSP

  139. Csound

  140. Curl

  141. Curry

  142. Cyclone

  143. Cython

  144. DASL (Datapoint's Advanced Systems Language)

  145. DASL (Distributed Application Specification Language)

  146. Dart

  147. DataFlex

  148. Datalog

  149. DATATRIEVE

  150. dBase

  151. dc

  152. DCL

  153. Deesel (formerly G)

  154. Delphi

  155. DinkC

  156. DIBOL

  157. Dog

  158. Draco

  159. Dylan

  160. DYNAMO

  161. E#

  162. Ease

  163. Easy PL/I

  164. EASYTRIEVE PLUS

  165. ECMAScript

  166. Edinburgh IMP

  167. EGL

  168. Eiffel

  169. ELAN

  170. Emacs Lisp

  171. Emerald

  172. Epigram

  173. Erlang

  174. es

  175. Escapade

  176. Escher

  177. ESPOL

  178. Esterel

  179. Etoys

  180. Euclid

  181. Euler

  182. Euphoria

  183. EusLisp Robot Programming Language

  184. CMS EXEC

  185. EXEC 2

  186. F#

  187. Factor

  188. Falcon

  189. Fancy

  190. Fantom

  191. FAUST

  192. Felix

  193. Ferite

  194. FFP

  195. Fjölnir

  196. FL

  197. Flavors

  198. Flex

  199. FLOW-MATIC

  200. FOCAL

  201. FOCUS

  202. FOIL

  203. FORMAC

  204. @Formula

  205. Forth

  206. Fortran - ISO/IEC 1539

  207. Fortress

  208. FoxBase

  209. FoxPro

  210. FP

  211. FPr

  212. Franz Lisp

  213. Frink

  214. F-Scriptv

  215. FSProg

  216. Game Maker Language

  217. GameMonkey Script

  218. GAMS

  219. GAP

  220. G-code

  221. Genie

  222. GDL

  223. Gibiane

  224. GJ

  225. GEORGE

  226. GLSL

  227. GNU E

  228. GM

  229. Go

  230. Go!

  231. GOAL

  232. Gödel

  233. Godiva

  234. GOM (Good Old Mad)

  235. Goo

  236. Gosu

  237. GOTRAN

  238. GPSS

  239. GraphTalk

  240. GRASS

  241. Groovy

  242. HTML(Controversial)

  243. HDML(Controversial)

  244. HAL/S

  245. Hamilton C shell

  246. Harbour

  247. Hartmann pipelines

  248. Haskell

  249. Haxe

  250. High Level Assembly

  251. HLSL

  252. Hop

  253. Hope

  254. Hugo

  255. Hume

  256. HyperTalk

  257. IBM Basic assembly language

  258. IBM HAScript

  259. IBM Informix-4GL

  260. IBM RPG

  261. ICI

  262. Icon

  263. Id

  264. IDL

  265. Idris

  266. IMP

  267. Inform

  268. Io

  269. Ioke

  270. IPL

  271. IPTSCRAE

  272. ISLISP

  273. ISPF

  274. ISWIM

  275. J#

  276. J++

  277. JADE

  278. Jako

  279. JAL

  280. Janus

  281. JASS

  282. Java

  283. JavaScript

  284. JCL

  285. JEAN

  286. Join Java

  287. JOSS

  288. Joule

  289. JOVIAL

  290. Joy

  291. JScript

  292. JavaFX Script

  293. Julia

  294. Kaleidoscope

  295. Karel

  296. Karel++

  297. Kaya

  298. KEE

  299. KIF

  300. Kojo

  301. KRC

  302. KRL

  303. KRL (KUKA Robot Language)

  304. KRYPTON

  305. ksh

  306. L# .NET

  307. LabVIEW

  308. Ladder

  309. Lagoona

  310. LANSA

  311. Lasso

  312. LaTeX

  313. Lava

  314. LC-3

  315. Leadwerks Script

  316. Leda

  317. Legoscript

  318. LIL

  319. LilyPond

  320. Limbo

  321. Limnor

  322. LINC

  323. Lingo

  324. Linoleum

  325. LIS

  326. LISA

  327. Lisaac

  328. Lisp - ISO/IEC 13816

  329. Lite-C

  330. Lithe

  331. Little b

  332. Logo

  333. Logtalk

  334. LPC

  335. LSE

  336. LSL

  337. LiveCode

  338. Lua

  339. Lucid

  340. Lustre

  341. LYaPAS

  342. Lynx

  343. M2001

  344. M4

  345. Machine code

  346. MAD (Michigan Algorithm Decoder)

  347. MAD/I

  348. Magik

  349. Magma
    make

  350. Maple

  351. MAPPER (Unisys/Sperry) now part of BIS

  352. MARK-IV (Sterling/Informatics) now VISION:BUILDER of CA

  353. Mary

  354. MASM Microsoft Assembly x86

  355. Mathematica

  356. MATLAB

  357. Maxima (see also Macsyma)

  358. Max (Max Msp - Graphical Programming Environment)

  359. MaxScript internal language 3D Studio Max

  360. Maya (MEL)

  361. MDL

  362. Mercury

  363. Mesa

  364. Metacard

  365. Metafont

  366. MetaL

  367. Microcode

  368. MicroScript

  369. MIIS

  370. MillScript

  371. MIMIC

  372. Mirah

  373. Miranda

  374. MIVA Script

  375. ML

  376. Moby

  377. Model 204

  378. Modelica

  379. Modula

  380. Modula-2

  381. Modula-3

  382. Mohol

  383. MOO

  384. Mortran

  385. Mouse

  386. MPD

  387. MSIL - deprecated name for CIL

  388. MSL

  389. MUMPS

  390. Napier88

  391. NASM

  392. NATURAL

  393. Neko

  394. Nemerle

  395. NESL

  396. Net.Data

  397. NetLogo

  398. NetRexx

  399. NewLISP

  400. NEWP

  401. Newspeak

  402. NewtonScript

  403. NGL

  404. Nial

  405. Nice

  406. Nickle

  407. NPL

  408. Not eXactly C (NXC)

  409. Not Quite C (NQC)

  410. Nu

  411. NSIS

  412. NWScript

  413. o:XML

  414. Oak

  415. Oberon

  416. Obix

  417. OBJ2

  418. Object Lisp

  419. ObjectLOGO

  420. Object REXX

  421. Object Pascal

  422. Objective-C

  423. Objective-J

  424. Obliq

  425. Obol

  426. OCaml

  427. occam

  428. occam-p

  429. Octave

  430. OmniMark

  431. Onyx

  432. Opa

  433. Opal

  434. OpenEdge ABL

  435. OPL

  436. OPS5

  437. OptimJ

  438. Orc

  439. ORCA/Modula-2

  440. Oriel

  441. Orwell

  442. Oxygene

  443. Oz

  444. P#

  445. PARI/GP

  446. Pascal - ISO 7185

  447. Pawn

  448. PCASTL

  449. PCF

  450. PEARL

  451. PeopleCode

  452. Perl

  453. PDL

  454. PHP

  455. Phrogram

  456. Pico

  457. Pict

  458. Pike

  459. PIKT

  460. PILOT

  461. Pipelines

  462. Pizza

  463. PL-11

  464. PL/0

  465. PL/B

  466. PL/C

  467. PL/I - ISO 6160

  468. PL/M

  469. PL/P

  470. PL/SQL

  471. PL360

  472. PLANC

  473. Plankalkül

  474. PLEX

  475. PLEXIL

  476. Plus

  477. POP-11

  478. PostScript

  479. PortablE

  480. Powerhouse

  481. PowerBuilder - 4GL GUI appl. generator from Sybase

  482. PowerShell

  483. PPL

  484. Processing

  485. Processing.js

  486. Prograph

  487. PROIV

  488. Prolog

  489. Visual Prolog

  490. Promela

  491. PROTEL

  492. ProvideX

  493. Pro*C

  494. Pure

  495. Python

  496. Q (programming language from Kx Systems)

  497. Qalb

  498. QBasic

  499. Qi

  500. Qore

  501. QtScript

  502. QuakeC

  503. QPL

  504. R++

  505. Racket

  506. RAPID

  507. Rapira

  508. Ratfiv

  509. Ratfor

  510. rc

  511. REBOL

  512. Redcode

  513. REFAL

  514. Reia

  515. Revolution

  516. rex

  517. REXX

  518. Rlab

  519. ROOP

  520. RPG

  521. RPL

  522. RSL

  523. RTL/2

  524. Ruby

  525. Rust

  526. S2

  527. S3

  528. S-Lang

  529. S-PLUS

  530. SA-C

  531. SabreTalk

  532. SAIL

  533. SALSA

  534. SAM76

  535. SAS

  536. SASL

  537. Sather

  538. Sawzall

  539. SBL

  540. Scala

  541. Scheme

  542. Scilab

  543. Scratch

  544. Script.NET

  545. Sed

  546. Seed7

  547. Self

  548. SenseTalk

  549. SequenceL

  550. SETL

  551. Shift Script

  552. SIMPOL

  553. SIMSCRIPT

  554. Simula

  555. Simulink

  556. SISAL

  557. SLIP

  558. SMALL

  559. Smalltalk

  560. Small Basic

  561. SML

  562. SNOBOL(SPITBOL)

  563. Snowball

  564. SOL

  565. Span

  566. SPARK

  567. SPIN

  568. SP/k

  569. SPS

  570. Squeak

  571. Squirrel

  572. SR

  573. S/SL

  574. Starlogo

  575. Strand

  576. Stata

  577. Stateflow

  578. Subtext

  579. SuperCollider

  580. SuperTalk

  581. SYMPL

  582. SyncCharts

  583. SystemVerilog

  584. TACL

  585. TACPOL

  586. TADS

  587. TAL

  588. Tcl

  589. Tea

  590. TECO

  591. TELCOMP

  592. TeX

  593. TEX

  594. TIE

  595. Timber

  596. TMG, compiler-compiler

  597. Tom

  598. TOM

  599. Topspeed

  600. TPU

  601. Trac

  602. TTM

  603. T-SQL

  604. TTCN

  605. Turing

  606. TUTOR

  607. TXL

  608. TypeScript

  609. Ubercode

  610. UCSD Pascal

  611. Unicon

  612. Uniface

  613. UNITY

  614. Unix shell

  615. UnrealScript

  616. Vala

  617. VBA

  618. VBScript

  619. Verilog

  620. VHDL

  621. Visual Basic

  622. Visual Basic .NET

  623. Microsoft Visual C++

  624. Visual C#

  625. Visual DataFlex

  626. Visual DialogScript

  627. Visual Fortran

  628. Visual FoxPro

  629. Visual J++

  630. Visual J#

  631. Visual Objects

  632. VSXu

  633. Vvvv

  634. WATFIV, WATFOR

  635. WebDNA

  636. WebQL

  637. Windows PowerShell

  638. Winbatch

  639. X++

  640. X#

  641. X10

  642. XBL

  643. XC (exploits XMOS architecture)

  644. xHarbour

  645. XL

  646. XOTcl

  647. XPL

  648. XPL0

  649. XQuery

  650. XSB

  651. XSLT - See XPath

  652. Yorick

  653. YQL

  654. Z notation

  655. Zeno

  656. ZOPL

  657. ZPL
Users who are new to computer programming may find the above list confusing and may not be sure where to start. Where to start really depends on the computer programming you wish to do. Below is a listing of some of the different fields of programming as well as what language you should consider for each of these fields.

Note: There are several programming languages listed above that may not be listed in a category below that they are capable of doing. Instead of listing every language under every category below, we have just listed some of the more popular choices for each category.

Application and Program development
Artificial Intelligence development
Database development
Game development
Computer drivers or other hardware interface development
Internet and web page development
Script development

Applications and Program development

Application and program development involves programs you work on a daily bases. For example, the Internet browser you are using to view this web page is considered a program. If you are interested in writing your own programs you should consider the below languages.

C
C#
C++
D
Java
Tcl
Visual Basic
Artificial Intelligence development

Artificial Intelligence or related fields could involve anything from creating the character interactions in computer games, portions of programs that make the decisions in programs, chatbots, or any other related programs. If you're interested in writing your own AI you should consider the below languages.

AIML
C
C#
C++
Prolog
Database development

Databases

Database developers create and maintain databases. If you're interested in creating your own database or maintaining other databases you should consider any of the below languages.

DBASE
FoxPro
MySQL
SQL
Visual FoxPro
Game development

Game development involves the development of computer games or other entertainment software. If you're interested in writing your own games you should consider the below languages.

C
C#
C++
DarkBASIC
Java
Computer drivers or other hardware interface development

Computer drivers and programming hardware interface support is a necessity for computers to operate with the hardware; without it your computer wouldn't work. If you're interested in writing your own drivers or software interfaces for hardware devices you should consider the below languages.

Assembly
C Internet and web page development

The Internet and web page development is the essence of the Internet, without developers we would have no Internet. If you're interested in creating your own web pages, developing Internet applications, or Internet related tasks, you should consider the below languages.

HDML
HTML
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
XML
Script development

What is the Best Programming Language to Learn in 2013?
PHP
Java
Objective C
SQL
Android (Java)
Ruby
JavaScript
C#
C++
ActionScript
Python
C
ASP.NET
Perl
AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML)

Are you smart?
Can you code?
How much of your day do you spend coding?
How many meetings do you have every week?
What is the ratio of testers to developers to product managers? What is the interaction like? How does project planning happen on the team?
What are the data types?
Do you need to know details of C++, Java, etc? Here are further guidelines.
Last Updated: April 21, 2017