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Public health.
State department of public health.
What are various public health issues?
What are the duties of a state’s department of public health?
Advice relevant to remaining healthy.
Abuse and Neglect
Adoption in the state.
Birth records in the state.
Behavioral Science and Public Health
    What are your daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly activities?
    What should be your daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly activities?

    Here are further guidelines.
    What is Biostatistics?
    What is the difference between statistics and biostatistics?
    Here are further guidelines.
Community Health and Prevention
    What are the basic human rights?
    Here are further guidelines.
Communication for Health Education
Communications, Mass Media and Public Health
Death records in the state.
Drinking water quality questions
    Do all residents of the state have 24 hour a day, 7 days a week drinking tap water?
    Here are further guidelines.
Disaster Management
Disaster Medical Assistance Team
Doctor of Medicine/Master of Public Health (MD/MPH)
Demography and Family Planning
Domestic Violence
Environment and Health
Emergencies relevant to public health in the state and outside the state.
Emergency Medical Services & Trauma Systems
Emergency Medical Services Education (EMSE)
Environmental Health
Essential and Counterfeit Medicines
Environmental Calculations
Flu (Influenza)
Food (Nutrition and Health)
Food Safety
Food Facility Inspection Violation Code Descriptions
Food and public health
    Are all residents of the state consuming enough food and required calories relevant to age?
    Here are further guidelines.
Glossary of Public Health Terms
Harmful doctors
Healthcare System
Health Management
Health Services Administration/Management
Health Statistics
Human Resources for Health
    If a person claims to have a job in health care as a medical doctor, getting comparatively more remuneration, does that mean he or she is serving the public?

    No, it does not.

    What is the proof of this claim?
    What should you know about others who claim to be medical specialists?
    What is the proof that those who claim to be medical specialists are not real medical specialists?

    Here are further guidelines.
Health Alert Network
Health Planning and Management
Hospital Waste Management
Housing and public health
    Who has the duty to take care of housing needs of residents of the state?
    Here are further guidelines.
International/Global Health
Law and Public Health
Medical Statistics
Occupational Safety Science
Occupational Diseases
Population of the state at a specific point.
Public health laboratory
Preventive Medicine in Obstetrics
Preventive health care advice
    What preventive services do women need?
    What preventive services do men need?
    What preventive services do children need?

    Here are general preventive health care directives.
Patient Education
Public Health Practice
Public Health Planning and Evaluation
Public Health Surveillance and Informatics Program Office
Public Health and Aging
Personal Hygiene
Parenting Advice (Maternal and Child Health)
Public Health Laboratory Practice
Personality disorders screening
Public health workers in the state.
Public safety
    How do you make an area safe for civilized people?
    Here are further guidelines.
Pest control and public health
    What are the issues in pest control? Here are further guidelines.
Relationship record (male spouse profile, female spouse profile).
Risk Assessment in Environmental and Occupational Health
Road safety: a public health issue
State hospital report card
State Department of Health
State departments of public health around the world.
State Health Improvement Plan
Screening of harms
Specific medical condition prevention education
    How can your doctor help you stay healthy?
    What can you do to keep yourself healthy?
    Educating the public about prevention of specific medical condition is included in public health.

    Here are further guidelines.
Stress and Public Health

Advice relevant to remaining healthy.
Consume a balanced diet every day.
Do not take tea or coffee (weight loss occurs).
Do not consume over the counter medication even if freely available, for example ibuprofen.
Do not consume fish that has a bone that is difficult to remove.
Do not consume frozen meat like liver that has been there for months or years.
Do not smoke or consume alcohol.
Exercise every day.
Maintain a healthy relationship.
Maintain a healthy environment.
Stress can harm an individual. Decrease stress.

Abuse and Neglect
Child Abuse and Neglect
Adult Abuse and Neglect
Elderly Abuse and Neglect

Who has the answer?
Who is willing to answer?
Who has the duty and responsibility to answer?

Adoption in the state.
Questions that must be answered and must remain on record.

What best describes the individual who needs to be adopted?
Newborn or neonate means from birth to 28 days of age.
Infant means less than 1 year of age.
Toddler means 1-3 years of age.
Preschooler means 4-5 years of age.
School age means 6-12 years of age.
Adolescent means 13-18 years of age.

Why does the human being need to be adopted?
A baby or child born out of criminal conspiracy.
Abandoned baby or child.
Baby or child victim of abduction.
Baby or child victim of abduction with criminal conspiracy.
Baby or child victim of abuse.
Other reasons must be explained.

Who verified the findings in the state and outside the state?

What state department of public health will supervise the process?

What other departments in the state and outside the state have duty in the process?

No question can remain unanswered.

Who all are involved in a criminal conspiracy?

What has been the punishment of those involved in criminal conspiracy?

Death Certificate
Death records in the state.
What must be recorded on the death certificate?

What is the profile with relevant background of the deceased?

Was the death natural old age death or premature death?

What was the day, date, time, location, age at the time of death, circumstances, cause, manner, with relevant background of the death?

Who verified the findings?

Getting a Death Certificate.

How must state department of public health make death certificates available?
Ideally, death certificates should be available freely over the Internet.

Glossary of Public Health Terms
Accreditation—The development of a set of standards, a process to measure health department performance against those standards, and some form of reward or recognition for those agencies meeting the standards.

Assessment—One of public health’s three core functions. The regular collection, analysis and sharing of information about health conditions, risks and resources in a community. Assessment is needed to identify health problems and priorities and the resources available to address the priorities.

Assurance—One of the three core functions in public health. Making sure that all populations have access to appropriate and cost effective care, including health promotion and disease prevention services. The services are assured by encouraging actions by others, by collaboration with other organizations, by requiring action through regulation, or by direct provision of services.

Bioterrorism—The intentional use of any microorganism, virus, infectious substance, or biological product that may be engineered as a result of biotechnology, or any naturally occurring or bio-engineered component of any such microorganism, virus, infectious substance, or biological product, to cause death disease, or other biological malfunction in a human, an animal, a plant, or another living organism in order to influence the conduct of government or to intimidate or coerce a civilian population.

Capacity—The ability to perform the core public health functions of assessment, _____ development and assurance on a continuous, consistent basis, made possible by maintenance of the basic infrastructure of the public health system, including human, capital and technology resources.

Chronic disease—A disease that has one or more of the following characteristics: it is permanent, leaves residual disability, is caused by a nonreversible pathological alteration, requires special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation or care. Clinical services/medical services/personal medical services—Care administered to an individual to treat an illness or injury.

Determinants of health—The range of personal, social, economic and environmental factors that determine the health status of individuals or populations.

Disease—A state of dysfunction of organs or organ systems that can result in diminished quality of life. Disease is largely socially defined and may be attributed to a multitude of factors. Thus, drug dependence is presently seen by some as a disease, when it previous was considered to be a moral or legal problem.

Disease management—To assist an individual to reach his or her optimum level of wellness and functional capability as a way to improve quality of health care and lower health care costs. Endemic—Prevalent in or peculiar to a particular locality or people. Entomologist—An expert on insects.

Epidemic—A group of cases of a specific disease or illness clearly in excess of what one would normally expect in a particular geographic area. There is no absolute criterion for using the term epidemic; as standards and expectations change, so might the definition of an epidemic, such as an epidemic of violence.

Epidemiology—The study of the distribution and determinants of diseases and injuries in human populations. Epidemiology is concerned with the frequencies and types of illnesses and injuries in groups of people and with the factors that influence their distribution.

Foodborne illness—Illness caused by the transfer of disease organisms or toxins from food to humans. Health—The state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health has many dimensions-anatomical, physiological and mental-and is largely culturally defined. Most attempts at measurement have been assessed in terms of morbidity and mortality.

Health disparities—Differences in morbidity and mortality due to various causes experience by specific sub-populations.

Health education—Any combination of learning opportunities designed to facilitate voluntary adaptations of behavior (in individuals, groups or communities) conducive to health. Health promotion—Any combination of health education and related organizational, political and economic interventions designed to facilitate behavioral and environmental adaptations that will improve or protect health.

Health status indicators—Measurements of the state of health of a specific individual, group or population.

Incidence—The number of cases of disease that have their onset during a prescribed period of time. It is often expressed as a rate. Incidence is a measure of morbidity or other events that occur within a specified period of time. See related prevalence.

Infant mortality rate—The number of live-born infants who die before their first birthday per 1,000 live births.

Infectious—Capable of causing infection or disease by entrance of organisms (e.g., bacteria, viruses, protozoan, fungi) into the body, which then grow and multiply. Often used synonymously with “communicable”.

Intervention—A term used in public health to describe a program or policy designed to have an effect on a health problem. Health interventions include health promotion, specific protection, early case finding and prompt treatment, disability limitation and rehabilitation.

Infrastructure—The human, organizational, information and fiscal resources of the public health system that provide the capacity for the system to carry out its functions.

Mortality—A measure of deaths in a given population, location or other grouping of interest. Non-infectious—Not spread by infectious agents. Often used synonymously with “non-communicable”. Outcomes—Sometimes referred to as results of the health system. These are indicators of health status, risk reduction and quality of life enhancement.

Outcome standards—Long-term objectives that define optimal, measurable future levels of health status; maximum acceptable levels of disease, injury or dysfunction; or prevalence of risk factors. Pathogen—Any agent that causes disease, especially a microorganism such as bacterium or fungus.

Police power—A basic power of government that allows restriction of individual rights in order to protect the safety and interests of the entire population.

Population-based—Pertaining to the entire population in a particular area. Population-based public health services extend beyond medical treatment by targeting underlying risks, such as tobacco, drug and alcohol use; diet and sedentary lifestyles; and environmental factors.

Prevalence—The number of cases of a disease, infected people or people with some other attribute present during a particular interval of time. It often is expressed as a rate.

Prevention—Actions taken to reduce susceptibility or exposure to health problems (primary prevention), detect and treat disease in early stages (secondary prevention), or alleviate the effects of disease and injury (tertiary prevention).

Primary medical care—Clinical preventive services, first contact treatment services and ongoing care for commonly encountered medical conditions.

Protection—Elimination or reduction of exposure to injuries and occupational or environmental hazards.

Protective factor—An aspect of life that reduces the likelihood of negative outcomes, either directly or by reducing the effects of risk factors.

Public health—Activities that society does collectively to assure the conditions in which people can be healthy. This includes organized community efforts to prevent, identify, preempt and counter threats to the public’s health.

Public health department

State department of public health.

Public health practice—Organizational practices or processes that are necessary and sufficient to assure that the core functions of public health are being carried out effectively. Quality assurance—Monitoring and maintaining the quality of public health services through licensing and discipline of health professionals, licensing of health facilities and the enforcement of standards and regulations.

Quarantine—The restriction of the activities of healthy people who have been exposed to a communicable disease, during its period of communicability, to prevent disease transmission during the incubation period should infection occur.

Rate—A measure of the intensity of the occurrence of an event. For example, the mortality rate equals the number who die in one year divided by the number at risk of dying. Rates usually are expressed using a standard denominator such 1,000 or 100,000 people.

Risk assessment—Identifying and measuring the presence of direct causes and risk factors that, based on scientific evidence or theory, are thought to directly influence the level of a specific health problem.

Risk factor—Personal qualities or societal conditions that lead to the increased probability of a problem or problems developing.

Screening—The use of technology and procedures to differentiate those individuals with signs or symptoms of disease from those less likely to have the disease.

Social marketing—A process for influencing human behavior on a large scale, using marketing principles for the purpose of societal benefit rather than for commercial profit.

Social norm—Expectations about behavior, thoughts or feelings that are appropriate and sanctioned within a particular society. Social norms can play a powerful role in the health status of individuals.

Standards—Accepted measure of comparison that have quantitative or qualitative value.

State health agency—The unit of state government that has leading responsibility for identifying and meeting the health needs of the state’s citizens. State health agencies can be free standing or units of multipurpose health and human service agencies.

Surveillance—Systematic monitoring of the health status of a population.

Threshold standards—Rate or level of illness or injury in a community or population that, if exceeded, call for closer attention and may signal the need for renewed or redoubled action.

Years of potential life lost—A measure of the effects of disease or injury in a population that calculates years of life lost before a specific age (often ages 64 or 75). This approach places additional value on deaths that occur at earlier ages.

Would you like to print Dr. Qureshi's research and development in Public Health?

Emergencies relevant to public health in the state and outside the state.
Public Health Emergencies
What are examples of a public health emergency?
What types of incidents usually lead to many casualties?
  1. Air crash.

  2. Auto collision involving more than two persons.

  3. A train crash with many individuals harmed.

  4. Bus collisions.

  5. Bombing(all harmful incidents subject to various independent investigations. Experience has shown people inflict harms, then reach out as saviors).

  6. Biologic emergencies (deliberate or accidental)
      Small pox
      Pneumonic plague

  7. Blizzard

  8. Cold wave harms

  9. Chemical emergencies(deliberate or accidental)

    May be in the form of a gas, solid, or liquid
    Household chemical
    Hazardous materials waste

  10. Crowded tour boat.

  11. Drinking water contamination

  12. Disease Outbreaks
      Infectious Diseases: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments
      Infectious Diseases - Outbreak Response
      Influenza outbreak
      West Nile virus

  13. Earthquakes

  14. Earthquake or sabotage.

  15. Famine

  16. Food and Waterborne Disease

  17. Floods.

  18. Heat wave harms

  19. Hurricanes/tropical storms

  20. Harm to one person can escalate into a public health emergency.

  21. Invasion

  22. Landslides

  23. Riots

  24. Radiation emergencies
    Radiological Threat
      Nuclear power plant emergency

  25. Release of hazardous or toxic materials.

  26. Sabotage and building collapses.

  27. Severe weather: storms, heavy rains, lightning strikes

  28. Ship Sinking.

  29. Snowfall

  30. Tornadoes

  31. Thunderstorms

  32. Tsunamis

  33. Targeted mass shootings.

  34. Vector-borne Disease Control

  35. Volcanoes

  36. Waterborne Diseases

  37. Wildfires

  38. Winter storms
    Here are further guidelines.

Public Health
What is Public Health?
If you are displaying health care guidelines publicly, you are serving public health.

Public health is about health promotion and disease and injury prevention through research, community intervention and education. It also is about eradicating health disparities.

Public health is a diverse and ever-expanding field. Among other things, it involves disseminating reliable information for policy decisions; identifying systemic inequalities and problems; protecting our health and safety through education and research; and fostering partnerships with individuals, communities and organizations to promote good health.

Practitioners of public health carry out their mission through organized efforts that draw upon knowledge from many disciplines to address the physical, mental and environmental health concerns of communities and populations. These disciplines include health policy and management, epidemiology, oral health, family health, behavioral science and health education, health communications, occupational safety, environmental health, public health preparedness and international and global health. Public health practitioners conduct research, teach in schools and colleges, help formulate government policy and work in a number of capacities out in the field.

What are other names for public health?
State department of public health
Preventive and social medicine
Community medicine

What services, resources, or books relevant to this service need to be updated?
State department of public health resource.
Park's Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, 22nd edition.
Topics need to be updated.
Every topic should be elaborated in question-and-answer format.

Should a medical doctor serve in individual health care, public health, or both?
A medical doctor should serve in individual health care and public health.

Who can be helped by these guidelines?
The state department of public health.
The state department of health.
The general public.
Medical doctors.
Medical students.
The media.
Other professionals.

Public health workers in the state.
What are examples of public health workers in the state or outside the state?
All physicians have to participate in public health in the state and outside the state without harming others as per requirement.
Chief of Staff
Assistant Director
Behavioral Health Program Coordinator
Community Health Worker
Consumer Safety Officer
Emergency Preparedness Specialist
Emergency Preparedness and Bioterrorism Coordinator
Engineering Technician
Engineers - Public Health, Sanitary and Environmental
Environmental Health Careers
Environmental Health Technician
Environmental Health Emergency Response Specialist
Health Center Administrator
Health Communications Specialist
Health Teacher
Health Promotion Program Coordinator
Hazardous Waste Inspector
Local Public Health Director/Commissioner
Local Public Health Educator
Medical Investigator
Mental Health Researcher
Outreach Worker
Professor of Public Health
Public Health Adviser
Public Health Consultant
Public Health Dental Hygienists
Public Health Dentist
Public Health Engineer
Public Health Information Officer
Public Health Inspector
Public Health Nurse
Public Health Nutritionist/Dietitian
Public Health Physician
Public Health Planner
Public/Environmental Health Technician
Public Health Sanitarian
Public Health Specialist
Public Health Support Staff
Public Health Attorney
Radiological Health Specialist
Research Scientist
State environmentalists
Vaccine Researcher
Water Resource Specialist
Do you think any other entity needs to be added in the state or outside the state?
State departments of public health around the world.
What are examples of various states in various continents around the world?

North American States

  1. Alabama (AL)

  2. Alaska (AK)

  3. Arizona (AZ)

  4. Arkansas (AR)

  5. Alberta (AB)

  6. British Columbia (BC)

  7. California (CA)

  8. Colorado (CO)

  9. Connecticut (CT)

  10. Delaware (DE)

  11. Florida (FL)

  12. Georgia (GA)

  13. Hawaii (HI)

  14. Idaho (ID)

  15. Illinois (IL)

  16. Indiana (IN)

  17. Iowa (IA)

  18. Kansas (KS)

  19. Kentucky (KY)

  20. Louisiana (LA)

  21. Maine (ME)

  22. Maryland (MD)

  23. Massachusetts (MA)

  24. Michigan (MI)

  25. Minnesota (MN)

  26. Mississippi (MS)

  27. Missouri (MO)

  28. Montana (MT)

  29. Manitoba (MB)

  30. Mexico (MX)

  31. Nebraska (NE)

  32. Nevada (NV)

  33. New Hampshire (NH)

  34. New Jersey (NJ)

  35. New Mexico (NM)

  36. New York (NY)

  37. North Carolina (NC)

  38. North Dakota (ND)

  39. New Brunswick (NB)

  40. Newfoundland and Labrador (NL)

  41. Northwest Territories (NT)

  42. Nova Scotia (NS)

  43. Nunavut (NU)

  44. Ohio (OH)

  45. Oklahoma (OK)

  46. Oregon (OR)

  47. Ontario (ON)

  48. Pennsylvania (PA)

  49. Prince Edward Island (PE)

  50. Quebec (QC)

  51. Rhode Island (RI)

  52. South Carolina (SC)

  53. South Dakota (SD)

  54. Saskatchewan (SK)

  55. Tennessee (TN)

  56. Texas (TX)

  57. Utah (UT)

  58. Vermont (VT)

  59. Virginia (VA)

  60. Washington (WA)

  61. West Virginia (WV)

  62. Wisconsin (WI)

  63. Wyoming (WY)

  64. Yukon (YT)

  65. Central America

  66. Cuba/Puerto Rico/Dominican Republic/Haiti

  67. Island

  68. Asian States

  69. Albania

  70. Andorra

  71. Armenia

  72. Austria

  73. Azerbaijan

  74. Arkhangelsk Oblast

  75. Anhui Province

  76. Afghanistan

  77. Assam

  78. Arunachal Pradesh

  79. Andhra Pradesh

  80. Andaman and Nicober Islands

  81. Balochistan

  82. Bahrain

  83. Bangladesh

  84. Belarus

  85. Belgium

  86. Bhutan

  87. Bihar

  88. Brunei

  89. Bosnia and Herzegovina

  90. Bulgaria

  91. Chechnya

  92. Croatia

  93. Cyprus

  94. Czech Republic

  95. Cambodia

  96. Chukotka Autonomous Okrug

  97. Chhattisgarh

  98. Daman and Diu

  99. Dadra and Nagar Haveli

  100. Dagestan

  101. Denmark

  102. Delhi/Haryana

  103. England

  104. Estonia

  105. East Timor

  106. Eastern Province (Dammam)

  107. Finland

  108. Fujian Province

  109. France

  110. Gujarat

  111. Goa

  112. Georgia

  113. Germany

  114. Gibraltar

  115. Greece

  116. Gansu Province

  117. Guangdong Province

  118. Guangxi Province

  119. Guizhou

  120. Heilongjiang

  121. Hong Kong

  122. Hubei

  123. Hainan Province

  124. Henan Province

  125. Hunan Province

  126. Himachal Pradesh

  127. Hungary

  128. Inner Mongolia

  129. Indonesia

  130. Iran

  131. Iraq

  132. Iceland

  133. Ireland

  134. Italy

  135. Japan

  136. Jeddah

  137. Jiangxi Province

  138. Jordan

  139. Jiangsu

  140. Jiangxi

  141. Jilin

  142. Jharkhand

  143. Kashmir

  144. Karnataka

  145. Kazakhstan

  146. Kerala

  147. Korea - North

  148. Korea - South

  149. Kyrgyzstan

  150. Kuwait

  151. Kaliningrad Oblast

  152. Lakshadweep

  153. Latvia

  154. Liechtenstein

  155. Lithuania

  156. Luxembourg

  157. Laos

  158. Lebanon

  159. Liaoning Province

  160. Liaoning

  161. Manipur

  162. Mizoram

  163. Maharashtra

  164. Madhya Pradesh

  165. Meghalaya

  166. Malaysia

  167. Magadan Oblast

  168. Mongolia

  169. Myanmar

  170. Macedonia

  171. Malta

  172. Medina

  173. Mecca

  174. Moldova

  175. Monaco

  176. Montenegro

  177. Nagaland

  178. Netherlands

  179. Northern Ireland

  180. Norway

  181. Ningxia

  182. Nepal

  183. Oman

  184. Orissa

  185. Puducherry

  186. Punjab

  187. Peshawar

  188. Philippines

  189. Poland

  190. Portugal

  191. Palestine

  192. Qinghai

  193. Qatar

  194. Rajasthan

  195. Riyadh

  196. Romania

  197. Sikkim

  198. Syria

  199. Sindh

  200. Singapore

  201. Sri Lanka

  202. Scotland

  203. Serbia

  204. Slovakia

  205. Slovenia

  206. Spain

  207. Sweden

  208. Switzerland

  209. Shaanxi Province

  210. Shandong

  211. Shanxi

  212. Sichuan

  213. Taiwan

  214. Tajikistan

  215. Thailand

  216. Tripura

  217. Tamil Nadu

  218. Turkey

  219. Turkmenistan

  220. Ukraine

  221. Uzbekistan

  222. Uttarakhand

  223. United Arab Emirates

  224. Uttar Pradesh

  225. Vietnam

  226. Vatican City

  227. Wales

  228. West Bengal

  229. Xinjiang

  230. Yunnan

  231. Yamalia

  232. Yemen

  233. Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug

  234. Zhejiang

  235. Algeria

  236. Angola

  237. Burundi

  238. Benin

  239. Burkina Faso

  240. Botswana

  241. Cape Verde

  242. Côte d'Ivoire

  243. Comoros

  244. Cameroon

  245. Central African Republic

  246. Chad

  247. Canary Islands

  248. Ceuta

  249. Democratic Republic of the Congo

  250. Djibouti

  251. Egypt

  252. Eritrea

  253. Ethiopia

  254. Equatorial Guinea

  255. Gabon

  256. Gambia

  257. Ghana

  258. Guinea

  259. Guinea-Bissau

  260. Kenya

  261. Liberia

  262. Libya

  263. Lesotho

  264. Madagascar

  265. Malawi

  266. Mauritius

  267. Mayotte

  268. Mozambique

  269. Mali

  270. Mauritania

  271. Madeira

  272. Melilla

  273. Morocco

  274. Niger

  275. Nigeria

  276. Namibia

  277. Réunion

  278. Rwanda

  279. Republic of the Congo

  280. São Tomé and Príncipe

  281. Saint Helena

  282. Senegal

  283. Sierra Leone

  284. Seychelles

  285. Somalia

  286. South Africa

  287. Swaziland

  288. South Sudan

  289. Sudan

  290. Tanzania

  291. Togo

  292. Tunisia

  293. Uganda

  294. Western Sahara

  295. Zambia

  296. Zimbabwe

  297. Northern Territory

  298. South Australia

  299. Queensland

  300. New South Wales

  301. Victoria (Australia)

  302. Western Australian

  303. Tasmania

  304. New Zealand

  305. Acre (Asif Province)

  306. Alagoas

  307. Amapá

  308. Amazonas

  309. Bahia

  310. Buenos Aires Province

  311. Ceará

  312. Chubut Province

  313. Córdoba Province

  314. Goiás

  315. Bolivia

  316. Chile

  317. Colombia

  318. Ecuador

  319. Falkland Islands

  320. French Guiana

  321. Guyana

  322. Paraguay

  323. Peru

  324. Río Negro

  325. Santa Cruz

  326. Santa Fe Province

  327. Salta Province

  328. South Georgia

  329. Suriname

  330. Uruguay

  331. Venezuela

Snowfall (Public health emergency)
March 3, 2015, snowfall in Kashmir, Asia.
On Tuesday, March 3, 2015, at 2 pm, recommendations were issued by Asif Qureshi, founder of Qureshi University and the Global Democratic Party from Chicago, Illinois, North America.

Heavy snowfall was reported on March 3, 2015, in Kashmir, Asia.

How do you manage such a public health emergency?
Media is the best method to reach out to the public.
The public must report any harms immediately through media.
Roads and buildings department in the state must fix issues immediately.
Air transportation must be replaced with aircraft certified to fly in extreme conditions.
Contact details of various departments, officers must be publicly available.

What harms and damages have occurred because of this incident?
Buildings and houses were damaged.
Road links were blocked.
Air transport was badly affected, with flights cancelled due to bad weather.
Power supply was badly affected.
There was fear of flooding, avalanches, and landslides.

At some locations, three feet snowfall was reported.

What is a winter storm?
Mix of rain, wind, snowfall, and ice.

Was this an individual emergency or public health emergency?<
Public health emergency.

How could this be prevented?
You cannot prevent snowfall from happening.
You can reduce harms/damage by proper weather forecasting.
You can reduce harms/damage by public service ready to manage such public heath emergencies ahead of time.
At least 40 departments in the state and outside the state must be ready to manage such situations.

Questions departments in the state and outside need to answer ahead of time.
When is snowfall expected?
In what area is snowfall expected?
How much snowfall is expected?
What departments in the state and outside the state must be ready to manage such a situation?
How many workers are expected to manage such situation in the state or outside the state?
What areas are safe?
What areas are not safe?
Who has the duty to manage such emergencies in the state and outside the state?

Directives must go ahead through media in this situation, particularly the Internet.

All essential government departments, employees, and the public in Kashmir and outside Kashmir must be reminded to follow guidelines at this resource: www.qureshiuniversity.com.

If you have any issues, questions, let me know through media or email, call, fax, or forward a postal mail.

Who has the duty relevant to public health emergencies in the state and outside the state?
Physicians in the state and outside the state.
Administrators in the state and outside the state.
In addition to individualized health care, physicians have to get involved in public health emergencies and public health nonemergencies.

Why was there need to elaborate on these issues?
After 26 days, physicians in Kashmir thought they had a duty regarding the public health emergency from floods September 3-19, 2014.

Fraudulent regimes have installed incompetent physicians and incompetent administrators, with fraud and deceit.
During the selection and promotion placement, they should have realized that they could bring embarrassment to the system sooner or later with harms.

They are not able to do any effective service in public health emergencies or individualized emergencies – or even prevent individualized emergencies.
Is this justified?

What should be done with incompetent, harmful physicians and administrators in the state and outside the state?
This must be recorded in the annual performance report and an annual confidential report.
Some options are:
Termination of services.
Directive for premature retirement.
Replacement with competent physicians and administrators in the state and outside the state.
Those involved in criminal offenses ranging from misdemeanor to felony should be punished accordingly.

Who is recording the annual performance report and annual confidential report of physicians in the state?
Replacement of the individual/individuals and supervisor is required.

What is a public health emergency?
A "public health emergency" may be defined as an event, either natural or manmade, that creates a health risk to the public.

A public health emergency is anything that can make lots of people really sick unexpectedly or quickly.

Steps For response

Assess the upcoming event and the possible key affected areas. Figure the resources needed to do target hardening steps to help prevent total destruction and help with quick recovery. An old adage states that “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure”. Pre-planning stages and paving effective communication lanes to obtain external aid is very important to the saving of lives. Using these pre-made venues saves precious time during an event. A big obstacle to this is to make the happy medium between a very specific detailed emergency plan and a flexible one to which many disaster events may apply. Up-to-date education and training are other key elements to making for a swift and effective response and recovery. Retaining infrastructure is a huge challenge to an emergency manager because intact infrastructure makes for easier use of communication and multiple routes for much needed resourced to enter the affected area. Without this communication to the external organizations, they will not know how to bring about the needed resources (by land, air, sea?).

What do you have to do?
Surveillance or monitoring any health-related changes or patterns
Investigating underlying causes
Responding as part of a team
Providing recovery
Planning ahead for emergency situations
Educating citizens about emergency preparedness
Last Updated: November 9, 2020