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What should you be able to identify and know about a verb?
Is it regular or irregular?
What is the form of the verb?
Is it infinitive, base, past simple, past participle, present participle, present simple, or third person singular?
All verbs have four principal forms.
The be verb has nine forms.
Not all verbs have nine forms.

What are various verb forms?
How many verb forms are there?
- infinitive base past simple past participle present participle present simple, 3rd person singular
regular (to) work work worked worked working works
irregular (to) be* be was were been being am are is
What are the headings under which verb forms are classified?
There are six headings under which verb forms are classified: infinitive, base, past simple, past participle, present participle, present simple, or third person singular.

Is there a difference between verb conjugation and verb forms?

How do you identify different verb tense sentences?
Each verb tense sentence has a particular word or feature different than other verb tense sentences.

Forms of a verb can be identified as a separate word or in a sentence.
Function of a verb can be identified in the sentence.
What is the function of a verb in the sentence?
Is the function of a verb in the sentence helping, main, transitive, intransitive, regular, irregular, linking, dynamic, static, active, or stative?
Can you identify transitive or intransitive verb while having a separate word?
No. You need to have a complete sentence. An auxiliary verb can function as a linking verb. You need to have a complete sentence to identify whether a verb is functioning as an auxiliary verb or linking verb.

How do you write a simple present tense sentence?
The answer to this question depends on the situation.
Do you need to write a positive or negative declarative sentence, a positive question, or a negative question?
Positive also is called affirmative while writing various verb tense sentences.
In what situation is a simple present tense sentence required?
What are the guidelines for writing simple present tense sentence?
Here are essential guidelines for writing simple present tense.
What should you know to be able to write this type of sentence?
Do you know these details?

How do you classify a verb as per its function or role in the sentence?
How do you classify a verb as per its verb forms?
How do you classify a verb as per its meaning or action?
How do you classify a verb as per morphological division?
In what classification do regular and irregular verbs fit?
Why are there so many verb classifications?
All these classification will help you to make correct verb tense sentences.
Where do you use infinitive, base, past simple, past participle, present participle, present simple, or third person singular form of verb while making various verb tense sentences?
Where do you fit if clause sentences in verb tense sentences?
What sentences need a preposition?
What sentences do not need a preposition?
What sentences need an object or complement?
What sentences do not need an object or complement?
What is verb conjugation?
Conjugation is the creation of derived forms of a verb from its principal parts by inflection (regular alteration according to rules of grammar).
Conjugation may be affected by person, number, gender, tense, aspect, mood, voice, or other grammatical categories.
Conjugated forms of a verb are called finite forms. In many languages there are also one or more forms that remain unchanged with all or most grammatical categories: the non-finite forms, such as the infinitive or the gerund. A table giving all the conjugated variants of a verb in a given language is called a conjugation table or a verb paradigm.

Regular Verbs
base -s form past past participle -ing form
call calls called called calling
clean cleans cleaned cleaned cleaning
look looks looked looked looking
talktalks talked talked talking
end ends ended ended ending
wait waits waited waited waiting
kiss kisses kissed kissed kissing
wash washes washed washed washing
live lives lived lived living
love loves loved loved loving
sin sins sinned sinned sinning
play plays played played playing
stay stays stayed stayed staying
cry cries cried cried crying
-studies studied studied studying
die dies died died dying
tie ties tied tied tying
Irregular Verbs
base -s form past past participle -ing form
cut cuts cut cut cutting
fit fits fit fit fitting
hit hits hit hit hitting
let lets let let letting
put puts put put putting
quit quits quit quit quitting
set sets set set setting
shut shuts shut shut shutting
split splits split split splitting
upset upsets upset upset upsetting
burst bursts burst burst bursting
cast casts cast cast casting
cost costs cost cost costing*
hurt hurts hurt hurt hurting
spread spreads spread spread spreading
knit knits knit/knitted knit/knitted knitting
sit sits sat sat sitting
spit spits spat/spit spat/spit spitting
begin begins began begun beginning
swim swims swam swum swimming
ring rings rang rung ringing
sing sings sang sung singing
spring springs sprang sprung springing
cling clings clung clung clinging
fling flings flung flung flinging
sling slings slung slung slinging
sting stings stung stung stinging
swing swings swung swung swinging
wring wrings wrung wrung wringing
hang hangs hung/hanged** hung/hanged hanging
drink drinks drank drunk sinking
shrink shrinks shrank shrunk shrinking
stink stinks stank stunk stinking
think thinks thought thought thinking
bring brings brought brought bringing
buy buys bought bought buying
seek seeks sought sought seeking
fight fights fought fought fighting
catch catches caught caught catching
teach teaches taught taught teaching
creep creeps crept crept creeping
keep keeps kept kept keeping
sleep sleeps slept slept sleeping
sweep sweeps swept swept sweeping
weep weeps wept wept weeping
bleed bleeds bled bled bleeding
breed breeds bred bred breeding
feed feeds fed fed feeding
flee flees fled fled fleeing
lead leads led led leading
speed speeds sped/speeded sped/speeded speeding
meet meets met met meeting
bend bends bent bent bending
lend lends lent lent lending
send sends sent sent sending
spend spends spent spent spending
deal deals dealt dealt dealing
feel feels felt felt feeling
kneel kneels knelt knelt kneeling
dream dreams dreamt/dreamed dreamt/dreamed dreaming
mean means meant meant meaning
spill spills spilt/spilled spilt/spilled spilling
build builds built built building
burn burns burnt/burned burnt/burned burning
hold holds held held holding
sell sells sold sold selling
tell tells told told telling
find finds found found finding
grind grinds ground ground grinding
wind winds wound wound winding
break breaks broke broken breaking
choose chooses chose chosen choosing
freeze freezes froze frozen freezing
speak speaks spoke spoken speaking
steal steals stole stolen stealing
wake wakes woke woken waking
weave weaves wove woven weaving
arise arises arose arisen arising
drive drives drove driven driving
ride rides rode ridden riding
rise rises rose risen rising
write writes wrote written writing
bite bites bit bitten biting
hide hides hid hidden hiding
slide slides slid slid sliding
get gets got gotten getting
forget forgets forgot forgotten forgetting
give gives gave given giving
forgive forgives forgave forgiven forgiving
forbid forbids forbade/forbad forbidden forbidding
fall falls fell fallen falling
swell swells swelled swollen swelling
dive dives dove/dived dived diving
blow blows blew blown blowing
fly flies flew flown flying
grow grows grew grown growing
know knows knew known knowing
throw throws threw thrown throwing
draw draws drew drawn drawing
withdraw withdraws withdrew withdrawn withdrawing
show shows showed shown showing
eat eats ate eaten eating
beat beats beat beaten beating
take takes took taken taking
forsake forsakes forsook forsaken forsaking
mistake mistakes mistook mistaken mistaking
shake shakes shook shaken shaking
make makes? ? making
swear swears swore sworn swearing
wear wears wore worn wearing
tear tears tore torn tearing
bear bears bore born bearing
stand stands stood stood standing
understand understands understood understood understanding
become becomes became become becoming
come comes came come coming
run runs ran run running
dig digs dug dug digging
spin spins spun spun spinning
stick sticks stuck stuck sticking
strike strikes struck struck/stricken striking
do does did done doing
go goes went gone going
have has had had having
hear hears heard heard hearing
lay lays laid laid laying
pay pays paid paid paying
say says said said saying
lie lies lay lain lying
light lights lit/lighted lit/lighted lighting
lose loses lost lost losing
leave leaves left left leaving
prove proves proved proven/proved proving
read reads read read reading
see sees saw seen seeing
sew sews sewed sewn/sewed sewing
shave shaves shaved shaven/shaved shaving
shine shines shined/shone shined/shone shining
shoot shoots shot shooting
win wins won won winning
be is/are/am was/were been being
English irregular verbs Take a look at this.
Verb Conjugation Table

All verbs have four 'principal parts': a 'base form', a 'present participle', a 'simple past form', and a 'past participle'. All the verb tenses are formed from these principal parts.

Verb Forms

English verbs come in several forms. For example, the verb to sing can be: to sing, sing, sang, sung, singing or sings. This is a total of 6 forms. With the exception of the verb to be, English main verbs have only 4, 5 or 6 forms. To be has 9 forms. Do not confuse verb forms with tenses. We use the different verb forms to make the tenses, but they are not the same thing.
Forms of Main Verbs
Forms of Helping Verbs
Main Verb Forms Quiz What is the difference between regular verbs and irregular verbs? If in doubt, a good dictionary can tell you if a verb is regular or irregular.

Regular Verbs List
There are thousands of regular verbs in English. This is a list of 600 of the more common regular verbs. Note that there are some spelling variations in American English (for example, "practise" becomes "practice" in American English).

Quick Refresher: A verb is a word that names an action or a state of being.

Verb Tenses

Before you can learn why regular verbs are regular, you need to learn a little bit about verb tenses.

Verb tenses tell us about the time that the verb occurs.

Verbs have three different basic or simple times that they could have taken place.

These three times are called the simple tenses.

1. Past Tense: These verbs take place in the past.

2. Present Tense: These verbs take place in the present.

3. Future Tense: These verbs will take place in the future.

Past tense and present tense are the two tenses that are important for this discussion, so those are the two that we are going to focus on.

Here are some examples of present and past tense verbs.

Do you notice a pattern in how they are formed?

Present TensePast Tense

Regular Verbs

After looking at the table above, did you notice any pattern when we changed the present tense form of a verb into the past tense?

I certainly hope so! You should have noticed that all of the past tense verbs above simply added a -d or -ed to the present tense form of the verb.

Well, the definition of a regular verb is a verb that adds -d or -ed to the present tense form to make the past tense form.

That's it!

This chart shows you how they are formed.

Present Tense+ -d or -edarrowPast Tense
learn+ -edarrowlearned
walk+ -edarrowwalked
move+ -d arrowmoved
work+ -edarrowworked
love+ -darrowloved
play+ -edarrowplayed

The word regular in its name means that we can predict what these verbs will do.

They follow a pattern. They do the same thing every time they are in the past tense, so we say that they are regular.

Okay... so what are irregular verbs?

Irregular Verbs

Put all of that lovely knowledge that you just learned into action.

Use what you learned above to figure out what an irregular verb is.

If I looked inside your head right now, I'm sure that I would gain access to this thought process:

If a regular verb adds -d or -ed to the present tense form when making the past tense, I'll bet that an irregular verb does not do that!

Great! You're right. Here is a formal definition for you.

Irregular verbs are verbs that don't add -d or -ed to the present tense form when making the past tense.

This makes them wacky, unpredictable little things.

Here are some irregular verbs.

Present TensePast Tense

Irregular verbs are so undisciplined that they don't follow a pattern, unlike their organized and dependable counterparts.

Irregular Verbs
Base Form Simple Past Tense Past Participle
List of Irregular Verbs (a to c)
awake awoke awoken
arise arosearisen
becomebecame become
beginbegan begun
bendbent bent
betbet bet
bidbid bid
bindbound bound
bleedbled bled
breedbred bred
bringbrought brought
broadcastbroadcast broadcast
buildbuilt built
burnburned/burnt burned/burnt
buybought bought
castcast cast
clingclung clung
comecame come
costcost cost
Irregular Verbs List (d to f)
digdug dug
dodid done
dreamdreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt
fightfought fought
fitfit/fitted fit/fitted
forget forgot forgotten
forego (forgo) forewent foregone
forgive forgave forgiven
forsake forsook forsaken
freeze froze frozen
Irregular Verbs List (g to l)
gowent gone
hanghung hung
havehad had
hidehid hidden
holdheld held
hurt hurt hurt
kneelkneeled/knelt kneeled/knelt
knitknitted/knit knitted/knit
knowknew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
leap leaped/leapt leaped/leapt
learn learned/learnt learned/learnt
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie lay lain
light lighted/lit lighted
lose lost lost
Irregular Verbs List (m to s)
makemade made
meanmeant meant
meetmet met
mishear misheardmisheard
mislay mislaid mislaid
misspeak misspoke misspoken
mistook mistakemistaken
mow mowed mown
offset offset offset
overcome overcame overcome
overdo overdid overdone
overtake overtook overtaken
overthrow overthrew overthrown
pay paid paid
plead pled pled
prove proved proved/proven
paypaid paid
putput put
readread read
repayrepaid repaid
reread reread reread
retellretold retold
rethinkrethought rethought
rewriterewrote rewritten
ridrid rid
runran run
seesaw seen
sellsold sold
sendsent sent
set set set
showshowed shown/showed
slinkslunk/slinked slunk/slinked
smellsmelled/smelt smelled/smelt
spreadspread spread
springsprang/sprung sprung
standstood stood
stealstole stolen
stickstuck stuck
stingstung stung
stinkstank/stunk stunk
stride strode stridden
strikestruck struck/stricken
stringstrung strung
strivestrove/strived striven/strived
swim swamswum
swing swung swung
saw sawed sawed/sawn
say said said
see saw seen
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sew sewed sewed/sewn
shake shook shaken
shave shaved shaved/shaven
shear shore shorn
shed shed shed
shine shone shone
shoe shoed shoed/shod
shoot shot shot
show showed showed/shown
shrink shrank shrunk
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
slay slew slain
slide slid slid
sling slung slung
slit slit slit
smite smote smitten
sow sowed sowed/sown
speak spoke spoken
speed sped sped
spend spent spent
spill spilled/spilt spilled/spilt
spin spun spun
spit spit/spat spit
split split split
spread spread spread
spring sprang/sprung sprung
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
stink stank stunk
stride strod stridden
strike struck struck
string strung strung
strive strove striven
swear swore sworn
sweep swept swept
swell swelled swelled/swollen 
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
Irregular Verbs List (t to w)
taketook taken
think thoughtthought
throw threwthrown
thrust thrustthrust
tread trod/treadedtrodden/trod
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
thrive thrived/throve thrived
throw threw thrown
thrust thrust thrust
tread trod trodden
undergo underwentundergone
understand understoodunderstood
undertake undertook undertaken
undoundid undone
unwind unwound unwound
upset upset upset
understand understood understood
uphold upheld upheld
upset upset upset
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
weave weaved/wove weaved/woven
win won won
withhold withheld withheld
withstand withstood withstood
wring wrung wrung
wake woke/wakedwoken/waked
wear woreworn
weave wove/weaved woven/weaved
wed wed/wedded wed/wedded
weep wept wept
wetwet wet
win won won
wind wound wound
withdraw withdrew withdrawn
withhold withheldwithheld
withstand withstood withstood
wring wrungwrung
write wrote written

Here you will find irregular verbs listed to their forms. So you can learn them more effectively.

Question: Must I write -ought or -aught?
Answer: If in the infinitive is an -a, write -aught, otherwise -ought.

all 3 forms are similar

infinitive simple past past participle
bet* bet bet
burst burst burst
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
hit hit hit
hurt hurt hurt
let let let
put put put
read read read
set set set
shut shut shut

Infinitive and Simple Past are similar

infinitive simple past past participle
beat beat beaten

Infinitive and past participle are similar

infinitive simple past past participle
come came come
run ran run
become became become

Simple Past and past participle are similar

infinitive simple past past participle
bring brought brought
build built built
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
deal dealt dealt
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
get got got
hang hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
hold held held
keep kept kept
lay laid laid
lead led led
leave left left
lend lent lent
light* lit lit
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
say said said
sell sold sold
send sent sent
shine shone shone
shoot shot shot
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
stick stuck stuck
sweep swept swept
swing swung swung
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
understand understood understood
win won won

all 3 forms are different

infinitive simple past past participle
be was/were been
begin began begun
blow blew blown
break broke broken
choose chose chosen
do did done
draw drew drawn
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
fly flew flown
forget forgot forgotten
freeze froze frozen
give gave given
go went gone
grow grew grown
hide hid hidden
know knew known
lie lay lain
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
see saw seen
shake shook shaken
show* showed shown
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
speak spoke spoken
spring sprang sprung
steal stole stolen
swear swore sworn
swim swam swum
take took taken
tear tore torn
throw threw thrown
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
weave wove woven
write wrote written

* regular form (+ -ed) also possible.

Some of the verbs in our table are merely prefixed forms of an irregular verb. Thus, if you learn only a single irregular verb, you can be certain that any other prefixed variant on that verb is irregular in the exact same manner. Look at the following examples:

bid - forbid
cast - broadcast - forecast
go - forego - undergo
get - forget
stand - understand - withstand
tell - foretell
take - overtake - undertake

The trend, in English, and especially in American English, is to standardize the irregular verbs. We do not foresee all the irregular verbs ever being standardized, but some of the more minor variations in less commonly used words will probably disappear in the next genration or two.

The following English irregular verbs are now obsolete and use the standard past and participle forms (-ed).

infinitive simple past past participle
burn burnt burnt
dream dreamt dreamt
learn learnt learnt