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|What human pregnancy emergencies or complications need on-the-spot diagnosis and treatment?|
|Maliciously impregnated (medico-legal case that needs emergency contraception).|
|Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery|
|What symptoms, signs, and/or complaints indicate a human pregnancy emergency?|
If you know any female of childbearing age maliciously impregnated, report an emergency (emergency contraception).|
Danger signs during pregnancy
Call your physician if you experience any of the following symptoms during your pregnancy:
Abdominal or epigastric pain
Dizziness, blurred or double vision and spots before your eyes
Fever over 101° and chills
Hard, rigid abdomen with severe pain
Noticeable decline in fetal movement
Painful, difficult or scanty urination
Sudden gush of fluid from the vagina
Swelling around the eyes with accompanying swelling of the hands (some swelling in the legs and feet can be normal)
What are examples of human pregnancy emergencies?
There are at least 13 human pregnancy emergencies.
|Preeclampsia & Eclampsia|
|Premature rupture of membranes|
|Obstetrical emergencies during labor and delivery|
|Amniotic fluid embolism|
|Umbilical Cord Prolapse|
|Obstetrical emergencies postpartum|
|Health problems during pregnancy|
|Anemia Lower than normal number of healthy red blood cells||Treating the underlying cause of the anemia will help restore the number of healthy red blood cells. Women with pregnancy related anemia are helped by taking iron and folic acid supplements. Your doctor will check your iron levels throughout pregnancy to be sure anemia does not happen again.|
|Depression Extreme sadness during pregnancy or after birth (postpartum)|
Women who are pregnant might be helped with one or a combination of treatment options, including:
A mother's depression can affect her baby's development, so getting treatment is important for both mother and baby. Learn more about depression during and after pregnancy.
|Ectopic (ek-TOP-ihk) pregnancy When a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube||With ectopic pregnancy, the egg cannot develop. Drugs or surgery is used to remove the ectopic tissue so your organs are not damaged.|
|Fetal problems Unborn baby has a health issue, such as poor growth or heart problems||Treatment depends on results of tests to monitor baby's health. If a test suggests a problem, this does not always mean the baby is in trouble. It may only mean that the mother needs special care until the baby is delivered. This can include a wide variety of things, such as bed rest, depending on the mother's condition. Sometimes, the baby has to be delivered early.|
|Gestational diabetes Too high blood sugar levels during pregnancy|
Most women with pregnancy related diabetes can control their blood sugar levels by a following a healthy meal plan from their doctor. Some women also need insulin to keep blood sugar levels under control. Doing so is important because poorly controlled diabetes increases the risk of:
|High blood pressure (pregnancy related) High blood pressure that starts after 20 weeks of pregnancy and goes away after birth||The health of the mother and baby are closely watched to make sure high blood pressure is not preeclampsia.|
|Hyperemesis gravidarum (HEYE-pur-EM-uh-suhss grav-uh-DAR-uhm) (HG) Severe, persistent nausea and vomiting during pregnancy more extreme than "morning sickness"||Dry, bland foods and fluids together is the first line of treatment. Sometimes, medicines are prescribed to help nausea. Many women with HG have to be hospitalized so they can be fed fluids and nutrients through a tube in their veins. Usually, women with HG begin to feel better by the 20th week of pregnancy. But some women vomit and feel nauseated throughout all three trimesters.|
|Miscarriage Pregnancy loss from natural causes before 20 weeks. As many as 20 percent of pregnancies end in miscarriage. Often, miscarriage occurs before a woman even knows she is pregnant|
Signs of a miscarriage can include:
* Spotting early in pregnancy doesn't mean miscarriage is certain. Still, contact your doctor right away if you have any bleeding.
|In most cases, miscarriage cannot be prevented. Sometimes, a woman must undergo treatment to remove pregnancy tissue in the uterus. Counseling can help with emotional healing. See our section on Pregnancy loss.|
|Placenta previa Placenta covers part or entire opening of cervix inside of the uterus||If diagnosed after the 20th week of pregnancy, but with no bleeding, a woman will need to cut back on her activity level and increase bed rest. If bleeding is heavy, hospitalization may be needed until mother and baby are stable. If the bleeding stops or is light, continued bed rest is resumed until baby is ready for delivery. If bleeding doesn't stop or if preterm labor starts, baby will be delivered by cesarean section.|
|Placental abruption Placenta separates from uterine wall before delivery, which can mean the fetus doesn't get enough oxygen.||When the separation is minor, bed rest for a few days usually stops the bleeding. Moderate cases may require complete bed rest. Severe cases (when more than half of the placenta separates) can require immediate medical attention and early delivery of the baby.|
|Preeclampsia (pree-ee-CLAMP-see-uh) A condition starting after 20 weeks of pregnancy that causes high blood pressure and problems with the kidneys and other organs. Also called toxemia.||The only cure is delivery, which may not be best for the baby. Labor will probably be induced if condition is mild and the woman is near term (37 to 40 weeks of pregnancy). If it is too early to deliver, the doctor will watch the health of the mother and her baby very closely. She may need medicines and bed rest at home or in the hospital to lower her blood pressure. Medicines also might be used to prevent the mother from having seizures.|
|Preterm labor Going into labor before 37 weeks of pregnancy||Medicines can stop labor from progressing. Bed rest is often advised. Sometimes, a woman must deliver early. Giving birth before 37 weeks is called "preterm birth." Preterm birth is a major risk factor for future preterm births.|
Infections during pregnancy|
During pregnancy, your baby is protected from many illnesses, like the common cold or a passing stomach bug. But some infections can be harmful to your pregnancy, your baby, or both. This chart provides an overview of infections that can be harmful during pregnancy. Learn the symptoms and what you can do to keep healthy. Easy steps, such as hand washing, practicing safe sex, and avoiding certain foods, can help protect you from some infections.
|Here are further guidelines.|
Doctor Nighat from Kashmir Obstetrics and Gynecologist would you like to add anything?|
Doctor Nighat was my guide for two months during my internship at Lalded Hospital, Srinagar, Kashmir, in 1991.